According to Countryaah, the ten largest countries in the world in terms of area, are the following:
- Russian Federation
With 17,098,240 square kilometers, Russia is number one, but large parts of eastern Russia are almost unpopulated tundra and taiga. Most of the population lives in the European part of the Russian Federation.
Canada is the second largest country in the world in terms of area, ahead of its southern and northwestern neighbor USA, and has an area of 9,984,670 square kilometers. The population is concentrated in metropolitan areas in the south of the country, the north is almost uninhabited. Mainly the so-called “First Nations”, Indian tribes and Inuit (Eskimos) settle here.
- United States of America
The area of the United States is 9,629,090 square kilometers. The United States ranges from tropical and subtropical climates in Florida, southern California, and Hawaii to polar climates in Alaska. The population is over 300 million.
The country with the largest population with around 1.4 billion people is China. The multi-ethnic state with over 60 population groups has an area of 9,598,060 square kilometers. From a subtropical climate in the south to a cold temperate one in the northeast, from a desert climate in the northwest to the hostile high mountains in Tibet, China has extremely different climatic zones.
The fifth largest country in the world is Brazil with an area of 8,514,880 square kilometers and a population of about 140 million. Brazil has metropolises like Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paolo as well as the tropical rainforest and the second longest river in the world, the Amazon.
The smallest continent is also the sixth largest country on earth. The area of Australia is 7,741,220 square kilometers, it has about 24 million inhabitants. These settle almost exclusively on the coasts, because the interior of Australia consists almost entirely of dry steppe and inhospitable desert. But here you can also find the famous Ayers Rock and the Aboriginal people, some of whose tribes still live today as they did in the Stone Age.
The largest democracy in the world has a population of over a billion people (1.210 billion), which is spread over an area of 3,287,260 square kilometers. India has the second largest population in the world after China and is after all the seventh largest country by area. India is still an agricultural state dependent on the monsoons, but at the same time it is also a nuclear power and space nation.
Argentina has an area of 2,780,400 square kilometers. The country extends from Tierra del Fuego in the very south, where it is already very cold, to the Andes in the west, where the highest mountains in South America and the entire American continent are. In the north Argentina borders on Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Here you will find the endless pampas in which Argentina’s cattle grow up. The country is the largest beef exporter in the world, but in the Mendoza region it is also an up-and-coming wine-growing nation.
With an area of 2,724,900 square kilometers, the former Soviet republic is the ninth largest state in the world. It lies between Russia in the north, China in the east and various “-stans” to the south, for example Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Kazakhstan is a multi-ethnic state where Kazakhs, Uighurs, Turkmens and many other peoples live together. It is also strategically important because of its wealth of resources and its relative proximity to unstable regions such as Afghanistan.
The tenth largest country in the world is located in the neighborhood of Europe on the other side of the Mediterranean in North Africa. Algeria is 2,381,740 square kilometers. Most of the population lives on the coast, the interior is desert.
To classify the land area: Germany is 357,030 square kilometers and a good 80 million citizens live in this area, the whole of Europe with its more than 50 countries – including the European part of Russia – is a good 10 million square kilometers and thus hardly larger than Canada, the USA or china.