Tag Archives: Turkmenistan

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Turkmenistan is a Central Asian country that has a long history of educational development. Historically, the country was part of the Persian Empire and thus had access to a variety of educational opportunities. During this period, education was provided by mosques and madrasas, which taught the basics of Islamic faith as well as math and science. In the 19th century, Turkmenistan was annexed by Russia and subsequently became part of the Soviet Union. During this period, there was a great emphasis placed on education in order to develop the economy and society of Turkmenistan. The Soviet Union implemented a number of reforms in order to improve access to education in Turkmenistan such as providing free public schooling for all children and introducing compulsory primary schooling for all children between ages 6-14. In addition to these reforms, higher educational institutions were also established throughout Turkmenistan during this period. These included universities, technical schools, and academies which provided training in various fields such as engineering, medicine, agriculture, economics and law. Furthermore, distance learning opportunities were also available through radio broadcasts and correspondence courses. Following independence in 1991, Turkmenistan continued its commitment to improving educational access throughout the country by introducing free secondary education for all students aged 14-18 years old. In addition to this, vocational training centers were established in order to provide practical skills needed for employment in various industries such as construction or agriculture. Furthermore, adult literacy programs were implemented throughout the country with an emphasis on teaching basic literacy skills such as reading and writing. Overall, Turkmenistan has made great strides in terms of educational development over the past few decades due largely to its commitment to providing free public schooling for all children as well as establishing higher educational institutions throughout the country. This has allowed more people than ever before gain access to quality education which is essential for any nation’s continued growth and development Turkmenistan is a country located in Central Asia, bordered by Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea. In 2009, Turkmenistan was ruled by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow who came to power in 2006 after the death of long-time president Saparmurat Niyazov. The country is rich in natural resources such as oil and gas and has been relatively stable since independence in 1991. The foreign policy of Turkmenistan is largely centered on maintaining good relations with its neighbors. In 2009, relations with neighboring countries such as Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan were generally good while ties with Afghanistan remained somewhat strained due to border disputes. Turkmenistan also maintained strong diplomatic ties with Russia which provided economic and military support to the country. In terms of energy policy, Turkmenistan has sought to increase its influence in the region by becoming a major exporter of natural gas. The country has made agreements with several countries including Russia, Iran and China for the export of gas via pipelines. In 2009, Turkmenistan began construction on a new pipeline that would cross through Afghanistan and Pakistan in order to supply gas to India. In terms of domestic politics, Turkmenistan’s government remains largely authoritarian with little tolerance for dissent or opposition parties. Human rights groups have accused the government of cracking down on freedom of expression and assembly while simultaneously increasing control over media outlets. As such, political opposition remains limited within the country making it difficult for any meaningful change to occur through democratic means. Overall, Turkmenistan’s geopolitical situation in 2009 was characterized by relative stability and good relations with neighboring countries as well as an authoritarian government that maintained tight control over domestic policies while seeking to increase its influence in the region through energy export deals. Check naturegnosis for Turkmenistan in 2001.

Turkmenistan Overview

Turkmenistan Jumhuriyäti Official language Turkmen Capital Ashkabad Form of government presidential republic Area 488,100 km² Residents 5,500,000 Currency Turkmenistan manat Time zone TMT (UTC + 5) License plate TM Internet TLD .tm Telephone area code 00993 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Turkmenistan is located in Central Asia and, with an area of ​​488 100… Read More »