Tag Archives: South Sudan

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, the educational history of South Sudan is a complex one, reflecting both the long and tumultuous history of the region as well as the various political and economic changes that have taken place over the years. In particular, the educational system in South Sudan has gone through several significant transitions since its independence in 2011. Prior to independence, education in South Sudan was largely dominated by religious institutions such as churches, mosques and other traditional learning centers. As such, access to formal education was limited and only available to a select few. After independence, however, the government began to invest heavily in education and launched a number of initiatives aimed at improving access to quality education for all citizens. This included expanding existing schools and creating new ones, providing financial support for teachers’ salaries and investing in training programs for teachers. In addition to government investment, international aid organizations have also played an important role in providing educational opportunities for South Sudanese citizens. For example, UNICEF has provided funding for teacher training programs as well as scholarships for students from disadvantaged backgrounds. The World Bank has also provided financial support for primary school construction projects as well as increased access to secondary schooling opportunities. Although there have been some improvements over recent years, much more needs to be done to ensure that all South Sudanese citizens have access to quality education opportunities regardless of their socio-economic backgrounds or geographical locations. In particular, further investments are needed in infrastructure such as school buildings and teaching materials; teacher training programs; scholarships; and improved access to secondary schooling opportunities. Additionally, efforts should be made to reduce barriers such as poverty or gender inequality which can prevent individuals from accessing educational opportunities even when they are available. In 2009, South Sudan was in a state of political turmoil and civil war. After gaining independence from Sudan in 2011, the country had been plunged into a violent conflict between the government and rebel forces. The conflict was rooted in the region’s long history of marginalization by the central government in Khartoum, as well as competition for resources and power between different ethnic groups. The conflict had led to a breakdown of law and order throughout the country, with large-scale human rights abuses being committed by both sides. The international community had attempted to broker peace agreements between the two sides but they repeatedly failed due to disagreements over power-sharing arrangements. By 2009, it was estimated that up to 2 million people had died due to the conflict while over 4 million were internally displaced or living as refugees in other countries. At this time, South Sudan was also facing increased pressure from its northern neighbor Sudan over issues related to oil production and revenue sharing. In addition, there were tensions between South Sudanese political leaders who wanted greater autonomy for their region within Sudan and those who wanted complete independence for South Sudan. Moreover, there were also disputes over territory which threatened to reignite hostilities between the two countries. Internally, tensions remained high between different ethnic groups as well as within each group itself as various factions vied for power and resources. This was exacerbated by a lack of economic development throughout much of the country which had left many people without access to basic services such as healthcare or education. In addition, corruption was widespread with many officials using their positions to enrich themselves at the expense of ordinary citizens. Overall, South Sudan in 2009 was characterized by a fragile security situation with widespread violence and human rights abuses occurring on both sides of the conflict; increased pressure from its northern neighbor; ongoing disputes over territory; internal tensions among different ethnic groups; and high levels of corruption throughout government institutions.

South Sudan Overview

Official language English Capital Juba Form of government Presidential Republic Area 620,000 km² Residents 8,270,000 Currency Sudanese pound Time zone UTC + 3 License plate SOUTH Internet TLD .sd Telephone area code 00249 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography After the southern Sudan 2005-2011 already autonomy status within the Sudan had achieved, he said on July 9, 2011… Read More »