Tag Archives: Somalia

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, the educational history of Somalia dates back to the pre-colonial period when traditional systems of instruction were used to pass on knowledge and skills from one generation to the next. In the early 1900s, European colonial powers began establishing schools throughout the country, which provided access to formal education for both boys and girls. In 1960, Somalia gained independence from its colonial rulers and began implementing a number of reforms aimed at improving educational opportunities for its citizens. This included opening up new primary schools, expanding access to higher education institutions, and introducing free universal primary education in 1977. However, the civil war that broke out in 1991 had a devastating impact on the country’s educational system. Many schools were destroyed or damaged during the conflict, while large numbers of teachers fled abroad or were killed in the fighting. This resulted in a dramatic decline in school attendance rates and an overall decrease in educational attainment levels among Somali citizens. In recent years, there have been some signs of progress as efforts have been made to rebuild Somalia’s shattered educational infrastructure. This includes initiatives such as the Somaliland Education Sector Investment Program (SESIP), which has provided funding for school reconstruction projects as well as teacher training programs. Additionally, various international organizations have launched programs aimed at providing scholarships for students from disadvantaged backgrounds and increasing access to basic literacy resources. Overall, while much progress has been made over recent years there is still a long way to go before Somalia’s educational system can be considered fully functional again. Nonetheless, it is clear that both local authorities and international partners are committed to improving educational opportunities for all Somalis so they can reach their full potential. In 2009, Somalia was a country in the Horn of Africa region that had been mired in civil war for nearly two decades. The Somali Civil War began in 1991 when various clans and warlords began vying for control of the country following the overthrow of President Siad Barre. This fractured Somalia into a number of independent regions, with no central government or authority controlling the whole country. The international community responded to this crisis by attempting to establish an effective government in Somalia through a series of peace negotiations and initiatives. In 2004, the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was formed with the support of the United Nations (UN). This new government was tasked with restoring stability and rebuilding Somalia’s shattered infrastructure. However, despite these efforts, by 2009 Somalia was still largely divided between three main factions: The Islamic Courts Union (ICU), which controlled much of southern and central Somalia; The Transitional Federal Government (TFG), which held sway over parts of Mogadishu; And Somaliland, a self-declared independent state located in northern Somalia. The geopolitical situation in 2009 was further complicated by foreign intervention from Ethiopia and Eritrea, who were both supporting different factions within Somalia for their own strategic interests. Additionally, terrorist organization Al-Shabaab had emerged as a major force within the country, leading to increased security concerns from both regional powers and Western countries such as the United States. Overall, it is clear that by 2009 Somalia’s political landscape was highly fragmented and complex due to decades of conflict and foreign interference. Despite numerous attempts at peacemaking initiatives by regional powers and international organizations like the UN, there were still no signs that a lasting peace could be achieved anytime soon. Check naturegnosis for Somalia in 2001.

Somalia Overview

Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya Official language Somali, Arabic Capital Mogadishu Form of government republic Area 637.657 km² Residents ¡¡ Currency Somalia shilling Time zone MSK (UTC +3) License plate SO Internet TLD .so Telephone area code 00252 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa and is the easternmost country on… Read More »