Tag Archives: Nicaragua

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Nicaragua’s educational history is one of both progress and stagnation. Before the Nicaraguan Revolution of 1979, there were disparities in access to education, particularly between rural and urban areas. Literacy rates were also low at just 46%. Following the revolution, the Sandinista government sought to improve access to education and literacy rates by introducing free education for all children aged 6-14 and providing incentives for teachers to work in rural areas. The government also increased spending on educational infrastructure, such as building new schools and providing textbooks and other materials. This resulted in a significant increase in school attendance with enrollment rising from 1.2 million in 1979 to 3 million in 1989. However, the civil war that followed led to a decline in educational spending with literacy rates falling from 70% to 58% between 1990-1994. In 1996, Nicaragua adopted a new Education Law which aimed to decentralize the education system and improve its quality by increasing teacher salaries and introducing standardized tests such as ISA (Programme for International Student Assessment). Despite these efforts, Nicaragua still lags behind most other Latin American countries when it comes to educational attainment levels. In 2019 the country’s literacy rate was estimated at only 82%, while its primary school completion rate was just 69%. Although Nicaragua has made some progress when it comes to improving access to education over the years, there is still much more work that needs to be done in order for the country’s educational system to reach its full potential. In 2009, Nicaragua was governed by the leftist Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). The FSLN had been in power since 2007 and their domestic policies focused on poverty reduction, job creation, and improving access to education and healthcare. In addition to these social welfare policies, the government sought to improve the country’s infrastructure and economic development. The FSLN maintained a strong foreign policy stance in 2009, promoting diplomatic relations with other Latin American countries. Nicaragua was a member of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas (ALBA) which sought to promote collective economic growth and social justice in Latin America. Nicaragua also joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) during this time which aimed to promote cooperation among countries that did not align themselves with either the United States or Russia during the Cold War. In 2009, Nicaragua also signed multiple agreements with Cuba, Venezuela, China, and Russia for economic aid and investment in areas such as energy production and infrastructure development. These agreements were seen as beneficial for Nicaragua’s economy as they provided much needed capital investment into the country. Check militarynous for Nicaragua Military.

Nicaragua Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Managua Form of government Presidential Democracy Area 129,779 km² Residents 5,470,000 Currency Cordoba Time zone UTC −6 License Plate NIC Internet TLD .ni Telephone area code 00505 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Nicaragua is located in Central America and borders Honduras in the north, the Caribbean Sea in the east,… Read More »