Tag Archives: Ghana

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, the educational history of Ghana dates back to the pre-colonial era, when formal education was limited to a few children of wealthy families. After independence in 1957, the government of Ghana sought to expand access to education and improve educational standards by establishing a free and compulsory primary school system in 1960. This system was greatly expanded in the 1970s with the introduction of secondary schooling, technical and vocational training programs, and teacher-training colleges. In 1987, Ghana adopted a new constitution which guaranteed universal access to basic education for all citizens. This commitment was further strengthened by the adoption of the Education for All (EFA) initiative in 2000 which set targets for expanding access to quality education at all levels. To achieve this goal, the government has implemented various reforms such as providing free textbooks, increasing teacher salaries and training opportunities, and introducing new curricula that emphasize critical thinking skills. Today, Ghana has achieved near universal enrollment at both primary and secondary levels of education with an overall literacy rate of 76%. Despite these gains there are still major challenges facing Ghana’s educational system including inadequate funding for schools and teachers, overcrowded classrooms, low student performance on international tests such as PISA, and persistent gender inequality in enrollment rates. The government is committed to addressing these issues through increased investment in infrastructure as well as new initiatives that focus on improving teacher quality and promoting equity in access to education. In 2009, Ghana was a stable democracy with a growing economy and a population of approximately 23 million people. After decades of political instability, the country had become an anchor of peace and stability in the region, having emerged from a period of authoritarian rule in 1992. Since then, Ghana has held competitive elections every four years and has seen peaceful transitions of power between different political parties. Ghana was also an important geopolitical actor in West Africa in 2009, playing a key role in regional security initiatives such as ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States), which promoted economic integration and conflict resolution across the continent. The country was also active in the African Union (AU), advocating for greater African unity and cooperation on issues such as poverty reduction and development. Internationally, Ghana maintained strong diplomatic relations with its major trading partners including the US, EU countries, China and India. In 2009, Ghana signed a free trade agreement with the US which opened up new markets for its exports such as cocoa, gold and timber. The country also developed closer ties with China through increased investment in infrastructure projects such as roads and dams. Finally, Ghana’s foreign policy focused heavily on increasing regional integration through encouraging better economic ties between neighboring countries while at the same time maintaining its commitment to multilateralism through its participation in international organizations like the United Nations (UN). Check mathgeneral for Ghana in 2017.

Ghana Overview

Republic of Ghana Official language English Capital Accra Form of government presidential republic Area 238.533 km² Residents 21,030,000 Currency Cedi Time zone UTC License plate GH Internet TLD .gh Telephone area code 00233 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography Ghana (officially: Republic of Ghana) is located near the equator in West Africa. It borders the Gulf of Guinea… Read More »