Tag Archives: Georgia Country

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, the education system in Georgia has a long and varied history that dates back to the pre-Soviet period. During this time, education was largely provided by the church and was primarily geared towards teaching religious doctrine. In the 19th century, a number of reforms were carried out which included introducing secular education as well as introducing primary and secondary schools into the country. In 1921, Georgia became part of the Soviet Union and education underwent a major overhaul with the introduction of socialist ideology into the curriculum. Education became compulsory for all children aged 6-15 with primary, secondary and higher education being offered free of charge in state-run schools. During this period, literacy rates increased significantly as did access to higher education with many universities being established in Tbilisi and other cities throughout Georgia. Post-independence saw further reforms to the educational system with an emphasis being placed on modernizing existing institutions as well as providing greater access to higher education through scholarships and grants. In 2003, a new law was passed which made primary schooling compulsory for all children aged 6-14 while also making secondary schooling accessible for those who could not afford it. Today, Georgia has a comprehensive educational system that provides quality education from pre-school through to university level. It is divided into three levels; general secondary schools which provide basic knowledge; specialized secondary schools which allow students to specialise in certain areas such as engineering or medicine; and tertiary institutions such as universities which offer degree courses at undergraduate and postgraduate level. The government has also made strides towards improving access to distance learning programs by providing free online courses for those unable to attend traditional classes due to various circumstances such as location or financial constraints. This has helped ensure that more individuals have access to quality educational opportunities regardless of their circumstances or background. In 2009, the Republic of Georgia was located in the South Caucasus region, wedged between Russia to the north and Turkey and Armenia to the south. It had a population of 4.4 million people and was a multi-ethnic society with ethnic Georgians making up 77% of the population, followed by Azerbaijanis (9%), Russians (7%), Armenians (5%) as well as other minorities such as Greeks, Ukrainians, Jews, Ossetians and Kurds. The Republic of Georgia has experienced a turbulent history since gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. It has been plagued by political instability and civil unrest which has led to two civil wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in 1992-93 and 2008 respectively. In addition to this, it has also endured economic hardships due to its reliance on primary exports such as copper ore, manganese ore, ferroalloys, gold and agricultural products which were significantly affected by the global recession in 2008-09. In 2009, Georgia was governed by President Mikheil Saakashvili who had taken office following a peaceful revolution in 2003 which overthrew Eduard Shevardnadze’s government after widespread allegations of corruption. Under Saakashvili’s presidency Georgia pursued a pro-Western policy while also attempting to maintain good relations with Russia despite their differences over Abkhazia and South Ossetia. In terms of foreign policy at this time, Georgia was actively seeking closer ties with NATO although no formal progress had been made towards membership yet. At the same time it was also trying to join the European Union but negotiations were put on hold due to pressure from Moscow who were opposed to any further integration into Western institutions for fear that it would give them greater influence over their former satellite state. Georgia’s geopolitical situation at this time was highly complex due to its proximity to Russia who held great influence over its foreign policy decisions while at the same time attempting to move closer towards Western integration through NATO membership or closer ties with Europe through EU accession negotiations. As such it remained an important regional power whose future development would be closely monitored by both Moscow and Brussels for years to come. Check mathgeneral for Georgia in 2017.

Regions in Georgia

Adjara Ajari | en, Ajarian Autonomous Republic, Republic of Georgia, in the southwest of the Transcaucasus, borders on Turkey in the south, 2,900 km 2, (2016) 337,000 residents; The capital, most important industrial center and most important Georgian port is Batumi. Adjara includes the southwestern capping of the Lesser Caucasus (Meschetisches Mountains) and the coastal… Read More »

Georgia Overview

sakartwelo Official language Georgian Capital Tbilisi Form of government presidential republic Area 69.700 km² Residents 4,680,000 Currency lari Time zone UTC + 4 License plate GE Internet TLD .ge Telephone area code 00995 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Georgia belongs to the Caucasian countries and borders the Black Sea in the west, Russia in… Read More »