Tag Archives: Eritrea

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Eritrea has a long and rich educational history that dates back centuries. It has been an important center of learning since ancient times, with the first schools being established in the 4th century BC. During the Ottoman Empire, Eritrea was home to several madrasahs (Islamic schools) which provided religious instruction and training in various Islamic sciences. Later, during the Italian occupation of Eritrea (1890-1941), the country saw an influx of Italian teachers and administrators who established new schools and universities in major cities such as Asmara. In 1951, the University of Asmara was founded as the first university in Eritrea. This institution became a major center for higher education in East Africa and provided students with access to a wide range of courses including medicine, engineering, law, economics and business administration. The University also served as an important incubator for young Eritrean intellectuals who went on to become influential figures in politics, business and society. During the 1960s and 70s, education in Eritrea underwent significant expansion as part of a larger effort by the Ethiopian government to improve access to education for all citizens. This period saw an increase in enrollment at all levels of schooling including primary school (grades 1-8), secondary school (grades 9-12) and tertiary level institutions such as universities or technical colleges. In addition to increasing enrollment numbers, this period also saw increased investment into teacher training programs which helped improve educational standards across all levels of schooling. In 1993, after decades of struggle for independence from Ethiopia, Eritrea finally achieved its goal when it declared its sovereignty after winning a decisive victory over Ethiopia at Badme War. This period saw further investment into education with new institutions being established such as The Institute for Educational Research which focused on conducting research into teaching methods that were appropriate for local contexts throughout Eritrea as well as introducing vocational courses that could help increase employment prospects among young people. Today, education is still highly valued amongst Eritreans with literacy rates reaching almost 80 percent amongst adults aged 15 years or older according to UNESCO estimates from 2018 which is significantly higher than other countries in East Africa such as Ethiopia where literacy rates are estimated at around 43%. Despite this progress however there remains much work to be done particularly when it comes improving access to quality education across all levels especially within rural areas where educational infrastructure is often limited or non-existent due to economic constraints or political instability. In 2009, Eritrea was a country in East Africa located in the Horn of Africa along the Red Sea. It was bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia to the south, and Djibouti to the southeast. Its population at this time was estimated at around 5 million people and it had a total land area of approximately 117,600 km2. The country’s official language was Tigrinya and its capital city was Asmara. Eritrea had been an independent nation since 1993 following its war for independence from Ethiopia which had lasted over 30 years. Despite achieving independence however, Eritrea continued to face various political and economic challenges due to its strategic location in the region which made it a target for interference by neighboring countries such as Ethiopia and Sudan as well as more distant powers such as Israel and the United States. In 2009, Eritrea’s government was led by President Isaias Afwerki who had been in power since 1991 when he became president following Eritrea’s independence from Ethiopia. The country’s political system however remained highly authoritarian with opposition parties being banned and citizens being denied basic freedoms such as freedom of speech or freedom of assembly. In addition to this, relations between Eritrea and its neighbors remained strained with tensions continuing between Eritrea and Ethiopia over their disputed border as well as ongoing conflicts between Eritrean forces and rebel groups operating within Sudanese territory. Despite these challenges however, Eritrea still managed to make some progress in terms of economic development during this period with GDP growth estimated at around 3% annually from 2005-2009 according to World Bank figures. This growth however did not lead to any significant improvements in terms of human development due largely to continued restrictions on civil liberties imposed by President Afwerki’s government which meant that much of the population still lived in poverty with limited access to basic services such as education or healthcare. Check mathgeneral for Eritrea in 2017.

Eritrea Literature

Due to the linguistic plurality of the country, it is very difficult to define the literature of Eritrea. It is in fact a multi-ethnic society in which there are nine indigenous languages, each with its own oral literary tradition and some even written. English is also widespread, used for teaching in schools; l ‘ Amharic,… Read More »

Eritrea History and Culture

HISTORY: THE LIBERATION STRUGGLE FROM ETHIOPIA In 1960, however, Ethiopia incorporated Eritrea as a province, causing the reaction of the Eritreans, who came organizing themselves into liberation movements (FLE, Eritrean Liberation Front; FPLE, Eritrean Popular Front) whose tenacious armed struggle against the Ethiopian army, conducted with ups and downs, has characterized the recent, troubled history… Read More »

Eritrea Overview

Official language Tigrinya, Arabic Capital Asmara Form of government Presidential Republic Area 121.144 km² Residents 4,560,000 Currency Nakfa Time zone UTC + 3 License plate HE Internet TLD .he Telephone area code 00291 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The state of Eritrea, an independent country since 1993, is located in Northeast Africa on the Red Sea. With… Read More »