Tag Archives: El Salvador

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, El Salvador has a long and varied educational history, with the earliest known schools having been established in 1586. During the colonial period, education was largely the domain of the Catholic Church, with most schools being run by priests or religious orders. The primary focus of these schools was on teaching Christian doctrine and morality, but some secondary schools also taught subjects such as Latin and literature. In 1824, El Salvador declared its independence from Spain and began to build a more secular education system. Schools were established that taught a variety of subjects including mathematics, science, geography, history and Spanish literature. In addition to these new public schools, private institutions continued to exist that focused on teaching religion and moral values alongside more traditional academic subjects. The mid-19th century saw the emergence of teacher training colleges which helped to create a professional class of educators in El Salvador. This period also saw an expansion in the number of public schools available for students of all ages across the country. By 1900 there were nearly 500 primary and secondary public schools operating in El Salvador. In 1944 a new education law was passed which aimed to improve access to education for all citizens regardless of their social or economic status. This law required that all children between the ages of 6-14 attend school as well as providing free textbooks for those who could not afford them and making it illegal for employers to hire children under 14 years old without proof that they had attended school for at least three years prior. Since then El Salvador has continued to expand its educational system with an emphasis on providing quality education for all citizens regardless of their background or economic status. Today there are over 6500 primary and secondary public schools operating across the country as well as numerous private institutions offering various levels of higher education including universities, technical colleges and vocational programs. The literacy rate among adults aged 15+ is currently estimated at 87%, making El Salvador one of the most literate countries in Central America. El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered by Guatemala to the west, Honduras to the north and east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. It has a population of around 6 million people, with a median age of 24 years old. The political landscape of El Salvador in 2009 was largely shaped by its civil war which took place between 1980-1992. This conflict was fought between the Marxist-led Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) and a right-wing military government supported by the United States. The war resulted in over 75,000 deaths and left hundreds of thousands more internally displaced people. The peace agreement that ended the war included a power sharing arrangement between the FMLN and right-wing parties as well as provisions for democratic elections and human rights reforms. In 2009 El Salvador held its first presidential election since 1992 with Mauricio Funes from the FMLN winning with 51% of the vote. Funes ran on a platform of social reform, poverty reduction and improved living conditions for all citizens regardless of their background or political affiliation. He also promised to continue strengthening El Salvador’s relationship with other countries in Latin America including Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua who had supported them during their civil war. The 2009 election marked an important milestone for El Salvador as it moved away from decades of political violence towards more peaceful democratic governance. However, despite this progress there were still many challenges facing El Salvador including high levels of crime, poverty and inequality which disproportionately affected rural communities as well as indigenous populations who had been marginalized during decades of conflict. In addition, economic growth remained slow due to weak investment opportunities resulting from years of conflict as well as continued instability in neighboring countries such as Honduras where political unrest had caused further economic disruption since 2009. Check mathgeneral for El Salvador in 2017.

Brief History of El Salvador

In the pre-Columbian era, Indian tribes migrated through the territory of El Salvador. The Maya were replaced by the Toltecs, later by the Aztecs. By the 16th century Pipil and Lenca tribes settled. In 1524–28 the country was conquered by Spanish troops, and in 1560 it became part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala. During… Read More »

El Salvador History and Culture

Pre-colonial empires of the Chortí, Pipil and Lenca Today’s western area of ​​El Salvador belonged to the southern edge of the Mayan high culture. When the Maya culture ended around the year 1000, the peoples migrated south and established several small empires there. In El Salvador, for example, this was the kingdom of the Chortí,… Read More »

El Salvador Overview

Official language Spanish Capital San Salvador Form of government Presidential Republic Area 21,041 km² Residents 6,710,000 Currency US dollars, Colon Time zone UTC -6 License Plate IT Internet TLD .sv Telephone area code 00503 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of El Salvador is located in Central America and, with around 21 041 km² and its… Read More »