Tag Archives: East Timor

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, East Timor has a long and turbulent educational history, beginning with the country’s colonization by Portugal in the 16th century. During this period, Portuguese language and Roman Catholic religious instruction were the primary focus of education in East Timor, and most schools were run by missionaries. Education for indigenous populations was largely neglected, however, and those who did attend school had limited access to resources. In 1975, East Timor declared its independence from Portugal but was soon invaded by Indonesia. Indonesia’s occupation resulted in a severe decline in educational opportunities for East Timorese citizens due to the government’s limited investment in education and its focus on Indonesian-language instruction rather than Portuguese or local languages. Many teachers also fled or were forced out of their positions due to political unrest and violence during this period. In 2002, East Timor regained its independence from Indonesia following a UN-supervised referendum. Since then, the country has seen significant improvements in its educational system through increased investment from international aid organizations such as UNICEF and USAID as well as its own government. Primary education is now free and compulsory for all children aged 6-14, while secondary schooling is provided up to grade 9 with some students continuing on to vocational institutions or higher education abroad. Despite these improvements over the past two decades, East Timor still faces challenges related to access to quality education due to a shortage of qualified teachers, inadequate funding for schools, and a lack of resources such as textbooks and technology. These issues continue to be addressed through ongoing investments from both local and international organizations in order to improve educational opportunities for all citizens of East Timor. East Timor is a small nation located in Southeast Asia, with a population of approximately 1.2 million people. It was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century and declared independence in 1975, only to be invaded by Indonesia shortly after. In 2002, following a UN-supervised referendum, East Timor regained its independence and established itself as the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. In 2009, East Timor was still in the process of rebuilding its infrastructure following years of struggle against Indonesian occupation. The country had been recognized as an independent nation by the United Nations since 2002 and was a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The government of East Timor had made significant progress towards establishing a stable democracy since its independence, but there were still challenges to overcome. The economy was largely dependent on foreign aid from international organizations such as UNICEF and USAID, while unemployment rates remained high due to limited job opportunities for citizens with few skills or qualifications. Corruption was also an issue that plagued the government and hindered economic growth. Geopolitically speaking, East Timor’s main priority was to maintain good relations with its neighbors – particularly Indonesia – while also strengthening ties with other countries around the world through diplomatic missions and international organizations such as ASEAN and APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation). Despite this effort to engage diplomatically on the world stage, however, East Timor still faced potential threats from external forces such as China’s increasing military presence in the region. East Timor’s geopolitical situation in 2009 can be seen as an example of how a small nation can strive for stability despite external challenges. Though there were many obstacles still to be overcome at this point in time, it is clear that East Timor had already made significant progress towards establishing itself as an independent country in just seven years since gaining its freedom from Indonesia’s occupation. Check mathgeneral for East Timor in 2017.

East Timor Overview

Official language Tetum and Portuguese Capital Dili Form of government parliamentary democracy Area 14,600 km² Residents 1,000,000 Currency U.S. dollar Time zone UTC + 9 License plate TL Internet TLD .tl Telephone area code 00670 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography East Timor (Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste) is the northeastern part of the island of Timor, which lies… Read More »