Tag Archives: Cameroon

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, Cameroon has a long and varied history in education. The country’s first school was established in 1884 by German missionaries, although it only taught religious studies at the time. After World War I, the French and British divided Cameroon into two spheres of influence, with the French taking control of the majority of the country. They soon began to invest heavily in education, establishing primary schools, secondary schools, and even universities. By 1960, there were over 2 million students enrolled in schools across Cameroon. Primary education is compulsory for all children aged 6-14 and is free for those attending public schools. The curriculum includes French or English language instruction as well as mathematics, science, geography, history, art and physical education. Secondary education is divided into three levels: lower secondary (ages 14-16), upper secondary (ages 16-18) and post-secondary (18+). Students must pass an exam at the end of each level to progress to the next one. At post-secondary level there are both universities and technical colleges offering courses such as engineering, business studies and medicine. Cameroon also has a number of private institutions that offer international baccalaureate programs as well as other specialized courses such as law or accounting. In addition to these traditional educational pathways there are also vocational training programs available which provide skills needed for specific jobs such as welding or plumbing. The literacy rate in Cameroon stands at about 72%, with a higher rate among men than women due to traditional gender roles that limit access to education for women and girls. Despite this disparity however, enrollment rates are increasing due to government initiatives aimed at improving access to quality education for all citizens regardless of gender or socio-economic status. Cameroon’s domestic politics in 2009 were characterized by a growing political opposition, and increasing calls for reform. Opposition parties led by the Social Democratic Front (SDF) were critical of the government’s policies and called for a more democratic system of governance. The main issues they raised included the lack of transparency in government contracts, inadequate public services, and widespread corruption. In foreign policy, Cameroon maintained friendly relations with its neighbors and was active in regional organizations such as the Economic Community Of Central African States (ECCAS). It also had close ties with France, its former colonial power, and was an active member in international forums such as the United Nations. In 2009, Cameroon also dealt with a number of security threats from neighboring countries such as Nigeria. This included Boko Haram militants operating in northern Cameroon and militants from Chad who launched cross-border attacks against Cameroonian villages. The government responded to these threats by deploying troops to the border region and enhancing security measures within Cameroon. In addition to these security concerns, Cameroon also faced economic challenges due to declining oil prices which had an impact on government revenues. In order to address this problem, President Paul Biya implemented austerity measures which included cutting back on public spending and increasing taxes on imported goods. These measures helped the government balance its budget but were unpopular among many citizens who felt they were unfair. Check internetsailors for Cameroon in 2011.

Cameroon Arts and Literature

CULTURE: LITERATURE Cameroon is one of the few countries in Africa where there are documents of written literature. In the sec. XIX two types of writing appeared, one in the Bagam area, imitation of Roman capital letters, the other in the Bamun area, original, invented by King Njoya, syllabic and phonetic. Several manuscripts remain, with… Read More »

Cameroon Socio-geographical Conditions

Demography, population structure Population pyramid forecast 2025 According to the INS (Institut National de la Statistique), the population mark of 20 million was reached in 2012. 56% of the population now lives in cities, with the big urbanization surge already taking place in the 1990’s. With urbanization rates of around 3.5%, migration to the urban… Read More »

Cameroon Ecological Problems

Overuse of natural forest resources Cameroon is still a forest-rich country, in 2010 45% of the country was still covered by forests. Between 1990 and 2010 1% of the forest area was lost each year and primary forest is becoming increasingly rare. Cameroon’s lowland and mountain rainforests are being destroyed. On the one hand by… Read More »

Cameroon Country Overview

“Afrique en miniature – Africa in miniature”, is how the French geographer Bruneau calls it. Geographically counted as Central Africa, Cameroon rather forms the link between the two major regions of West and Central Africa, which is reflected in flora, fauna, population and culture. Cameroon overview Subject areas Country overview & natural area Cameroon, a… Read More »

Cameroon History & State

Cameroon History & State Independence Day: 01/01/1960 (only for French mandate area) Head of state: Paul Biya (since 1982) Head of government: Joseph Dion Ngute (Prime Minister since 2019) Political system: Presidential republic, multi-party system Democracy Status Index (BTI): Rank 108 of 137 (2020) Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 153 of 180 (2019) Ibrahim Index of… Read More »

Cameroon Development towards the Modern State

Ahmadou Ahidjo, President of Cameroon from 1960-1982 France installed the representative of the western-oriented opponents of Nyobe, Ahmadou Ahidjo (biography), as a leading figure in the transition to independence: in 1960 Ahidjo became Cameroon’s first president. In 1961 the then “Southern Cameroons”, today’s Anglophone western provinces, until then part of the British mandate, decided in… Read More »

Cameroon Law and Justice

Brigade d’intervention rapide (BIR) in action With regard to political, social and economic transformation processes, Cameroon still has many deficits. While the change in the economic field is progressing slowly, the path to a democratic and social constitutional state is particularly difficult – an analysis that has been the same for years. The Cameroonian legal… Read More »

Cameroon Domestic Politics

Presidential image as it can be found in all public buildings in Cameroon Despite the multi-party system – Cameroon has an extraordinary wealth of parties – with more or less regular elections, Cameroonian politics is dominated by the president and ‘his’ party, namely the former Unity Party. Anyone who wants to achieve something in Cameroon’s… Read More »

Cameroon Elections

Election campaign in the Mandara Mountains According to the electoral law, all Cameroonians who have reached the age of 20 and are entered on a voter list are entitled to vote. Local, parliamentary and presidential elections are repeatedly accompanied by allegations of fraud. There have been no serious political disputes since the early 1990’s, however,… Read More »

Cameroon Regional Elections

Waiting for the next election 2020 Regional elections took place in Cameroon for the first time on December 6th, 2020. The RDPC / CPDM won a clear majority in the seats. Human rights In Amnesty International’s 2019 annual report on Cameroon, the conflicts in the northern region and in the Anglophone part of the country… Read More »

Cameroon Foreign Policy

Cameroon’s foreign policy is still characterized by its proximity to France, and thus indirectly to the EU. On the other hand, when Cameroon joined the Commonwealth in 1995, it also signaled that it would not only commit to France and Francophonie. An intention that is also evident in the recent intensification of contacts with the… Read More »

Cameroon Economy & Development

Cameroon Economy & Development Estimated GDP: US $ 38.7 billion (2018) Per capita income (purchasing power parity 2017): $ 3700 (2017 est.) Human Development Rank (HDI): Rank 153 of 189 (2019) Population below nat. Poverty line: 37.5% (2014) Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): 46.5 (2014) Economic Transformation (BTI): Rank 94 of 137 (2020) Economic structure… Read More »

Cameroon Business

Mining Also with regard to the exploitation of other mineral resources, such as iron ore (Mbalam / Est), cobalt, nickel and the like. Manganese (Nkamouna, Lomié / Est), uranium (Lolodorf / Sud, Nki / Est), gold (Djoum, Ntem, Nkout / Sud, Batouri / Est, Rey Bouba / Nord) or bauxite (Minim-Martap, Ngaoundal / Adamoua) and… Read More »

Cameroon Economic Sectors

Agriculture The most important pillar of the Cameroonian economy is agriculture. Traditional “cash crop” cultures are cocoa, coffee, cotton, bananas, rubber, tea, sugar cane and palm oil, with Cameroon until recently benefiting from the good world market prices for some of the products (cocoa, Coffee, rubber) benefited. The civil war in the Anglophone part of… Read More »

Cameroon Development and Development Policy

Poverty and Poverty Reduction A good 20% of Cameroonians have to get by on less than $ 1.90 per day. In the case of poverty indicators such as the country-specific average school years (12.7), life expectancy (58.9) or maternal mortality (596 deaths per 100,000 births), the large regional differences must not be forgotten. The catchphrase:… Read More »

Cameroon society

Cameroon society Alphabetized adults: 77% (2018 est.) Major religions: Christianity approx. 70% (K / P = 38% / 26%), Islam approx. 25% Urban population: 58% (2020) Life expectancy (male / female): 61/64 years (2020 est.) Gender Inequality Index: Rank 153 of 189 (2019) Number of births: 4.66 / woman (2020 est.) Infant mortality: 51.5 /… Read More »

Camerooni Gender ratio

Fish Fry There is still a clear discrepancy in Cameroon between existing equality rights and reality. A very high proportion of women are employed in Cameroon. The vast majority are farmers and are therefore responsible for the country’s food production. More women than in other African countries hold lower and middle positions in administration and… Read More »

Cameroon Education

School Student move-in The history of formal schooling in Cameroon began with the European missionaries. Today there are two school systems in Cameroon: the Anglophone provinces are based on the British school system, whereas the French model predominates in the Francophone part of the country. The state is responsible for education. On paper there is… Read More »

Cameroon Culture

Cultural standards of behavior If one wants to classify Cameroonian society on the basis of cultural behavioral standards, it must be classified as clearly relationship-oriented (ie the personal relationship is very important) and shows a clear trend towards collective behavioral patterns (the “we” is more important than the “I”). Society shows a pronounced power distance… Read More »

Cameroon everyday life

Cameroon everyday life Currency: F CFA BEAC (XAF) Exchange rate: 656 per € (fixed exchange rate) Time zone: UTC + 1 Country code (phone): 00237 Climate (for capital): tropical mountain climate Entry and residence regulations First return flight According to historyaah, Cameroon is a country located in Central Africa. The Federal Foreign Office has information… Read More »

Cameroon Culinary, Transportation and Traffic

Culinary Global seasoning The regional diversity of the country is reflected on the plate or in the bowl. Every Cameroonian – and especially every Cameroonian – is proud of the special features of their own kitchen. North and south, coast and inland, mountainous region, rainforest region and savannah area, but also town and country, different… Read More »

Cameroon Security

Security The security situation in Cameroon has deteriorated more and more over the past few years. The increase in the propensity to use violence, even in the case of petty theft, is terrifying. Foreigners are also victims, but mainly the local population. Robbery of travelers by ” coupeurs de routes ” is widespread in many… Read More »

Cameroon Overview

Official language French English Capital Yaound¨¦ Form of government Presidential Republic Area 475,442 km² Residents 16,380,000 Currency CFA Franc Time zone UTC + 1 License plate CAM Internet TLD .cm Telephone area code 00237 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Cameroon is located in Central Africa and borders Nigeria to the west, Chad to the… Read More »