Tag Archives: Bosnia and Herzegovina

According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa, the educational history of Bosnia and Herzegovina dates back to the Ottoman Empire, when the first schools were established in the 15th century. During this period, the focus of education was on religious instruction with a heavy emphasis on Islamic teachings. In 1878, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of Austria-Hungary and a more secular educational system was introduced. This included primary schools for both boys and girls as well as secondary schools offering specialized education in law, medicine, engineering, and other fields. Following World War I, Bosnia and Herzegovina became part of Yugoslavia. The Yugoslav educational system was based on the Soviet model and focused heavily on technical training and vocational skills. This system remained in place until the 1990s when it was replaced by a new system that emphasized general education with an emphasis on humanities subjects such as language arts, social studies, science, mathematics, and foreign languages. Today, Bosnia and Herzegovina has an adult literacy rate of 99% with enrollment rates at both primary and secondary levels having increased significantly over time from 70% in 1990 to 97% today. The country also has several universities offering higher education in a wide range of disciplines including business administration, engineering, medicine, law, economics, sociology, psychology and more. Overall, Bosnia and Herzegovina has made significant strides towards modernizing its educational system while also preserving its unique culture which makes it such a fascinating place for students today. In 2009, Bosnia and Herzegovina was a small, landlocked country in the western Balkans. It bordered Croatia to the north and west, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the south. The population was estimated at 4.6 million inhabitants in 2009. Bosnia and Herzegovina is ethnically diverse with three main ethnic groups—Bosniaks (48%), Serbs (37%), and Croats (14%)—each with their own language and culture. In addition, there are other minority populations including Roma, Jews, Turks, and others. The capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo which is home to about 500,000 people. The economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina was heavily impacted by the Bosnian War from 1992-1995 which caused significant destruction of infrastructure as well as displacement of many citizens from their homes. Although the country has made significant strides since then towards economic recovery, it remains one of the poorest countries in Europe with unemployment remaining above 40%. In 2009, much of its economic activity revolved around agriculture followed by tourism and industry such as metal processing and furniture manufacturing. Bosnia’s political situation has been complicated since 1995 when it was divided into two entities: Republika Srpska (Serb Republic) and the Federation of Bosnia-Herzegovina (Bosniak-Croat Federation). The Dayton Peace Accords established a complex system of government which was further complicated by entrenched ethnic divisions between Bosniaks, Serbs, Croats, etc., making it difficult for governments to form consensus on important issues such as economic reforms or public services delivery. This lack of consensus has been a major factor limiting growth in post-war years. Check internetsailors for Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2011.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Overview

GENERAL Official name of the state Bosnia and Herzegovina. Capital Sarajevo. Geography According to topschoolsintheusa, Bosnia-Herzegovina borders Serbia to the east and Montenegro to the southeast and Croatia to the north and west. The 28 km long Adriatic coast in the southwest offers the country’s only access to the sea. Bosnia-Herzegovina consists of two territorial… Read More »

Bosnia and Herzegovina Overview

Bosna i Hercegovina Official language Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian Capital Sarajevo Form of government republic Area 51.129 km² Residents 4,600,000 Currency mark Time zone UTC +1 (CET) License plate BiH Internet TLD .ba Telephone area code 00387 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The former republic of Yugoslavia (independent since 1992) is located in southeastern Europe in the northwest… Read More »