Sacramento, city in the United States of America, capital of the state of California, on the Sacramento, with 370,000 inhabitants. Varied industry, including production of military, railway and aerospace equipment, foodstuffs (preserves, sugar) and metal and wood products. Traffic interchange (railways, canal to San Francisco Bay; airport). Crocker Art Gallery (European and American painting, oriental art). Sutter’s Fort State Historic Monument with Native American Museum. Railway Museum. Capitol Building (1874).
In 1839, the Swiss John Sutter founded a settlement (Sutter’s Fort) at the confluence of the Sacramento and American Rivers, which became an important trading post, especially after the discovery of gold (goldrush; 1848). Sacramento was founded by Sutter’s son at the time and in 1850 already had 7000 inhabitants; she became the capital of California in 1854.