Phoenix, the capital and largest city of the state of Arizona, on the Salt River, with a population of 984,000. (agglom.: approx. 2.1 million inhabitants).
Industrial, commercial and service center, including the manufacture of electronic equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals and agricultural machinery and the aircraft and aerospace industry.
The city is the commercial center of the very fertile environment (citrus fruits, cotton, olives, alfalfa, vegetables) due to irrigation works (dams in the Salt River). Traffic interchange (road and rail traffic); major airport (Sky Harbor International Airport). Especially in winter, the city is a sought-after place to stay for tourists (including many pensioners).
There are several educational, cultural and scientific institutions, including the suburb of Tempe University of Arizona (1885), several museums and the public city library (1864). In the suburb of Scottsdale is Taliesin West, where the architect Frank Lloyd Wright lived and worked.
The city was founded in 1870 and has been the capital of Arizona since 1912.