Morocco Mountains, Rivers and Lakes

By | March 14, 2023

According to, Morocco is a country located in the northwestern corner of Africa. It is bordered by Algeria to the east, Western Sahara to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The northern part of Morocco is mountainous, with the Rif Mountains running along its Mediterranean coast. The Atlas Mountains stretch across much of central Morocco, while the south is mostly desert. The highest peak in Morocco is Mount Toubkal, which stands at 4,167 meters (13,671 feet). Inland from this mountain range lies a vast plateau known as Haouz. This area is characterized by rolling hills and valleys that are home to many of Morocco’s cities and towns.

The coastline of Morocco stretches for 1,835 kilometers (1,144 miles), making it one of Africa’s longest coastlines. Along this stretch are several ports and harbors that are important for trade and transportation within Morocco as well as with other countries around the Mediterranean Sea. To the north lies Tangier Bay, which serves as a gateway between Europe and North Africa; further down lies Casablanca Bay—the largest port in North Africa—which has been an important trading hub since ancient times. Farther south lies Agadir Bay and Safi port; these two ports are important for fishing and commerce with West African countries like Senegal and Mauritania. Finally, Laayoune port serves as an important link between Morocco’s Atlantic coast and its southern territories in Western Sahara.


Morocco is home to several major mountain ranges, including the Rif Mountains, the Middle Atlas Mountains, and the High Atlas Mountains. The Rif Mountains are located in northern Morocco and span from Tangier to the city of Nador. These mountains are known for their rugged terrain and are heavily forested with cedar, pine, and oak trees. The Middle Atlas range is located in central Morocco and is home to many species of wildlife including Barbary macaques, wild boar, jackals, and gazelles. This mountain range also has some of the highest peaks in Morocco such as Mount Toubkal which reaches an elevation of 4167 meters above sea level. Finally, the High Atlas Mountains are located in southern Morocco and form a natural border between Morocco and Algeria. They boast spectacular views of both countries as well as some of the most beautiful valleys in North Africa. The highest peak in this range is Mount Toubkal which stands at 4165 meters above sea level. These mountains are also home to many Berber villages that have been passed down through generations who still practice traditional customs such as weaving rugs by hand.


Morocco is home to a number of large rivers, including the Bou Regreg, Oum Er-Rbia, Sebou and Moulouya. The Bou Regreg is the longest river in Morocco, stretching for over 250 kilometers from its source in the Middle Atlas Mountains to its mouth on the Atlantic Ocean. It is a major source of water for both agriculture and industry, as well as a popular destination for recreational activities such as canoeing and fishing. The Oum Er-Rbia River is another important river in Morocco that originates from the Middle Atlas Mountains and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. This river has been used since ancient times for irrigation and transportation purposes, and it also provides drinking water to many towns along its course. The Sebou River is also an important Moroccan river that begins at the Rif Mountains before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean near Rabat. This river is used extensively for irrigation and transportation purposes throughout Morocco’s agricultural regions. Finally, there is the Moulouya River which flows through eastern Morocco before reaching its mouth on the Mediterranean Sea. This river is the longest in Morocco, and it has been used for centuries to provide water for agricultural purposes as well as being a popular destination for fishing and other recreational activities.


Morocco is home to several beautiful lakes and reservoirs that are popular among tourists and locals alike. Lake Lalla Takerkoust is the largest lake in Morocco, located in the Middle Atlas Mountains near Marrakech. The lake is a popular destination for fishing, swimming, and boating. The water of the lake is crystal clear and the surrounding mountains provide a stunning backdrop for photos. To the south of Lake Lalla Takerkoust lies Lake El-Kebir, which is also known as Sebou Reservoir. This man-made reservoir was created in 1959 by damming the Sebou River and provides electricity to much of Morocco’s population. It is an important source of irrigation for local farms and provides a great spot for recreational activities such as sailing, kayaking, and canoeing. Further south lies another artificial reservoir, Oued Massa National Park, which was created by damming the Massa River in 1976. This park provides a great habitat for numerous species of wildlife including flamingos, pelicans, cranes and other birds as well as many mammals like Barbary macaques and foxes.

Morocco Mountains