Miami, Florida

By | September 22, 2022

Introduction

Miami, a port city in the state of Florida, on the Biscayne Bay (Atlantic Ocean), with 360,000 inhabitants.

The Miami-Fort Lauderdale or Greater Miami metropolitan area has 3.1 million inhabitants. and includes renowned beach resorts such as Miami Beach, Coral Gables, Miami Springs and Hialeah, which attract approximately 10 million tourists annually, as well as many rentiers and winter visitors due to the pleasant climate; main livelihood is the tourism industry.

The port is particularly important for trade with Latin and South America. International financial and commercial center, traffic hub (around international airport). The industry produces electronics, clothing, furniture and foodstuffs and tobacco.

Several institutes for scientific research and higher education are spread across the agglomeration; University of Miami (1925), Florida International University (1972), Florida Memorial College (1879), International Fine Arts College (1965), Institutes of Oceanographic Research and Aquariums. The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic Archbishop. Art Museum in the Villa Vizcaya (1912-1916), South Florida History Museum (Caribbean and Native American Art). Museum of Science (with planetarium). The cityscape is dominated by modern high-rise buildings and is further characterized by the systematic explanation.

Worth seeing is the Art Deco Historic District in Miami Beach. Nearby Biscayne National Park and Everglades National Park.

History

The city arose around Fort Dallas, founded in 1835 near the Indian village of Mayaimi. Since the 1950s, the city has developed into a reception center for Spanish-speaking immigrants (initially Cubans, later from the Caribbean and South America); in 1980 and 1988 the city was the scene of serious ethnic unrest. In 1992, Hurricane Andrew caused massive damage in Miami.

Miami, Florida