Hartford, capital of the state of Connecticut, on the Connecticut, with 140,000 inhabitants. (aggl.: approx. 730,000 inhabitants).
The city is the main center of transportation (inland port, rail lines, airport), commerce, industry and education of the state. It is home to many banking and insurance institutions, making the city one of the most important financial and service centers in the United States.
The industry produces precision instruments, electronics, foodstuffs, engines, aerospace parts and weapons. Important educational institutions include the University of Hartford (1877), Trinity College (1823) and several law and insurance schools. There are several museums, including the Wadsworth Atheneum (1842; art history), libraries, parks (Bushnell Park) and a symphony orchestra. There is a Roman Catholic Archbishop; Hartford Seminary Foundation.
Shortly after the American Revolution, the city was the center of the Connecticut or Hartford White, a group of politically engaged poets and writers who opposed the democratic liberalism that prevailed under Th. Jefferson rose and later made the city a center of American literature. This is reflected in a number of attractive landmarks, including the home of the writers Mark Twain (1874) and H. Beecher Stowe (1871); the Hartford Courant (1764) is one of the oldest newspapers in the United States. Furthermore, Capitol Building (1872), Old State House (1796) and Supreme Court (1910).
Hartford originated as Newtown around a Dutch trading post founded in 1633. In 1814, it was the scene of the Hartford Convention, where New England leaders gathered and, in protest at the war with England, put the rights of their individual states above those of the Union. I
In 1662 the city was chartered by Charles II and in 1665 it became the capital of the colony of Connecticut. In the 18th century there was a flourishing trade with Europe, industrial development started in the 19th century.