Geography of Edwards County, Illinois

By | March 15, 2024

Edwards County, located in southeastern Illinois, is a region with a rich history, diverse geography, and unique climate. From the fertile farmland of the Wabash River Valley to the rolling hills and forests of the Shawnee Hills, Edwards County offers a blend of rural charm and natural beauty. In this article, we will explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Edwards County, Illinois. Check foodezine to learn more about the state of Illinois.

Geography:

Edwards County covers an area of approximately 223 square miles (578 square kilometers) and is situated in the southeastern part of Illinois. It is bordered by Wabash County to the north, White County to the east, Wayne County to the south, and Richland County to the west. The county seat is the city of Albion.

The geography of Edwards County is characterized by its diverse terrain, which includes flat plains, rolling hills, and forested areas. The region is part of the Illinois Basin, a geological region that extends across much of the central United States.

The eastern part of Edwards County is part of the Wabash River Valley, a fertile agricultural region known for its rich soil and productive farmland. This area is home to several small towns and communities, including Albion, West Salem, and Bone Gap, which serve as centers of commerce and culture for the region.

In contrast, the western part of Edwards County is part of the Shawnee Hills, a region of rugged terrain and dense forests. This area includes parts of the Shawnee National Forest, a vast wilderness area known for its scenic beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities. The forest offers opportunities for hiking, camping, hunting, and fishing, attracting outdoor enthusiasts from across the region.

Climate:

Edwards County experiences a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons. The region’s climate is influenced by its location in the interior of the United States and its proximity to the Great Lakes.

Summers in Edwards County are typically warm and humid, with average high temperatures ranging from the 80s°F to the 90s°F (27-32°C). Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing heavy rainfall and occasional hail.

Winters in Edwards County are cold and snowy, with average high temperatures ranging from the 30s°F to the 40s°F (-1 to 4°C). Snowfall is common in the winter months, with accumulations ranging from a few inches to several feet in some areas. The region may also experience freezing rain and sleet during the winter months.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Edwards County, characterized by fluctuating temperatures and occasional storms. These seasons offer pleasant weather for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and birdwatching.

Rivers and Lakes:

Edwards County is home to several rivers, streams, and lakes, which play a vital role in shaping the region’s landscape and providing habitat for diverse wildlife.

The Wabash River forms the eastern boundary of Edwards County, separating it from the state of Indiana. The river serves as a vital waterway for transportation and recreation, supporting a variety of fish and wildlife species.

In addition to the Wabash River, Edwards County is also home to several smaller rivers and creeks, including the Little Wabash River, the Skillet Fork, and Bonpas Creek. These waterways provide important habitat for fish and wildlife species and offer recreational opportunities for residents and visitors.

While Edwards County does not have many natural lakes, there are several reservoirs and artificial lakes scattered throughout the region. Notable lakes include Beall Woods Lake, Sam Dale Lake, and Lamotte Township Lake, each of which offers fishing, boating, and picnicking opportunities for residents and visitors.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, Edwards County, Illinois, is a region of rich history, diverse geography, and unique climate. From the fertile farmland of the Wabash River Valley to the rolling hills and forests of the Shawnee Hills, the county offers a blend of rural charm and natural beauty. Whether exploring the wilderness of the Shawnee National Forest, fishing in the Wabash River, or camping by the shores of a local lake, Edwards County has something to offer for everyone.