Cleveland, Ohio

By | September 22, 2022


Cleveland, Ohio city, located at the mouth of the Cuyahoga on Lake Erie, with a population of 500,000; urban area with approx. 2.7 million inhabitants.

Important transhipment port (iron ore, coal, grain) and center of heavy iron and steel industry. The industry is mainly concentrated along Lake Erie and the Cuyahoga and includes, in addition to the aforementioned industries, machine building and manufacturing of car and aircraft parts, chemicals, clothing and electronics; furthermore important oil and petrochemical industry (Standard Oil, founded by JD Rockefeller) and extensive publishing and printing activities. Cleveland Hopkins International Airport.

The city is home to several (medical and industrial) research and training institutions, including universities (including Case Western Reserve University [1826]), a NASA research center, the Cleveland Orchestra, the Cleveland Ballet, a large zoo and a botanical garden..

There are also several museums, including the Museum of Art (1913) with an important collection of primitives, East Asian art and classical antiquities, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (1995, designed by the architect Ieoh Ming Pei); Trinity Cathedral from 1910; Terminal Tower Building (1930; 52 floors; 126 m). Due to the strong immigration resulting from the high concentration of industrial establishments in the city (employment), the population is ethnically and culturally very diverse, which has repeatedly led to serious problems in the past, culminating in the race riots of 1966; in 1967, CB Stokes was elected the first black mayor of an American city of this size and importance.

In the 1960s and 1970s, large parts of the old city center were renovated.


Cleveland was founded in 1796; Due to its central location, the construction of the canals and the arrival of the railways, the city grew into the center it still is today.

Cleveland, Ohio