Category Archives: South America

For the complete list of nations in South America, please visit franciscogardening.com.

Brazil Constitutional, Administrative and Judicial System

The Brazilian nation has adopted the form of government of the federal republic with a representative regime, constituting itself, with the perpetual and indissoluble union of its ancient provinces, in the United States of Brazil (Republica dos Estados unidos do Brazil ; constitution of 24 February 1891, revised September 4, 1926). This system of government gave… Read More »

Argentina Between 1973 and 1991

According to top-engineering-schools, the Peronist government which took office in 1973, at the end of a long military dictatorship that began in 1966, did not reach the end of the constitutionally foreseen period and was overthrown by a military coup. Marked by a deep crisis, the mandate of Isabel Perón (widow of the leader charismatic who died… Read More »

Brazil Government and Military

Constitutional order. – The constitution in force in Brazil was promulgated on 10 November 1937 by President Getulio Vargas who abolished the constitution of 16 July 1934 (also revolutionary compared to that of 24 February 1891, amended in 1925 and 1926), and put on new foundations the state organization of Brazil. The figure of the… Read More »

Argentina Economy Between 1950 and 1975

The economy of the Argentina, in the years 1950-70, was dominated by a high rate of inflation. Between 1950 and 1966 prices grew at an average annual rate of more than 25%, rarely the rate of increase was less than 10% a year, in 1958 it was 50% in the following year it reached 100%.… Read More »

Bolivia Literature

Two fundamental lines define the Bolivian literature of the last twenty-five years: on the one hand, the continuation of the modules of realism that have permeated all the production of this century and, on the other, the formal renewal. Realist literature (with its labels of “indigenist” and mine), while substantially changed in the form and… Read More »

Uruguay History Timeline

According to businesscarriers, Uruguay is a South American country bordering Brazil to the north and Argentina to the southwest. All of South America and Uruguay were inhabited by large groups of Indians long before the Europeans arrived. The country’s capital is Montevideo. The city with 1.3 million residents is Uruguay’s largest and at the same… Read More »

Cities and Places in Suriname

Frequently asked questions about Suriname What are the entry requirements for Suriname? German citizens need a valid passport and a visa to enter Suriname. The visa can be obtained on arrival at the border or in advance from the Embassy of Suriname in Brussels (Avenue Louise 379, 1050 Brussels, Tel.: +32 2 6401172) and from… Read More »

Peru History: Fujimori Regime and New Constitution

After a runoff election on June 10, 1990, A. Fujimori (electoral alliance Cambio 90) prevailed. He concentrated all state power on overcoming the economic crisis (extensive privatization program) and the fight against guerrilla terror, dissolved the parliament, which was dominated by the opposition, on April 5, 1992, and suspended the constitution. With the arrest of… Read More »

Venezuela Overview

Official language Spanish, indigenous languages Capital Caracas Form of government presidential Federal Republic Area 912,050 km² Residents 25,390,000 Currency Bol¨ªvar Fuerte Time zone UTC −4.5 License Plate YV Internet TLD .ve Telephone area code 0058 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: Rep¨²blica Bolivariana de Venezuela) is located in the extreme north of… Read More »

Uruguay Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Montevideo Form of government Presidential Republic Area 176,215 km² Residents 3,420,000 Currency Uruguayan peso Time zone UTC -3 License Plate ROU Internet TLD .uy Telephone area code 00598 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The “Republic East of Uruguay” (Rep¨²blica Oriental del Uruguay) is located on the east side of South America and with… Read More »

Suriname Overview

Republiek Suriname Official language Dutch Capital Paramaribo Form of government Presidential Republic Area 163,465 km² Residents 440,000 Currency Suriname dollar Time zone UTC -3 CET -4 License Plate SME Internet TLD .sr Telephone area code 00597 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Suriname, formerly Dutch Guyana, is located on the north coast of South America.… Read More »

Peru Overview

Official language Spanish, Quechua, Aymara Capital Lima Form of government Presidential Republic Area 1,285,216 km² Residents 27,910,000 Currency New sol Time zone UTC-5 License Plate PE Internet TLD .pe Telephone area code 005 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Peru is the third largest country in South America, with an area of ​​1 285 216… Read More »

Paraguay Overview

Official language Spanish, Guaran Capital Asuncion Form of government Presidential Republic Area 406 752 km² Residents 6,190,000 Currency Guarani Time zone UTC − 4 License Plate PY Internet TLD .py,.com.py,.net.py,.org.py,.edu.py Telephone area code 00595 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Paraguay is centrally located in South America and is the second landlocked country of the… Read More »

Nicaragua Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Managua Form of government Presidential Democracy Area 129,779 km² Residents 5,470,000 Currency Cordoba Time zone UTC −6 License Plate NIC Internet TLD .ni Telephone area code 00505 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Nicaragua is located in Central America and borders Honduras in the north, the Caribbean Sea in the east,… Read More »

Guyana Overview

Co-operative Republic of Guyana Official language English Capital Georgetown Form of government Presidential Republic Area 214,969 km² Residents 769,000 Currency Guyana dollars Time zone UTC − 4 License Plate GUY Internet TLD .gy Telephone area code 00592 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Cooperative Republic of Guyana is located in northeastern South America. The country has three… Read More »

Ecuador Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Quito Form of government Presidential Democracy Area 272,045 km² Residents 13,350,000 Currency U.S. dollar Time zone UTC-5 License Plate EC Internet TLD .ec Telephone area code 00593 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: Rep¨²blica del Ecuador) is located in the northwest of South America directly on the equator. The… Read More »

Colombia Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Bogota Form of government Presidential Democracy Area 1 138 910 km² Residents 45,310,000 Currency peso Time zone UTC − 5 License Plate CO Internet TLD .co Telephone area code 0057 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography Colombia is in the northwest of South America. The republic has five neighboring countries: in the northeast of… Read More »

Chile Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Santiago de Chile Form of government Presidential Republic Area 756 950 km² Residents 16,000,000 Currency Chilean peso Time zone UTC-4 License Plate RCH Internet TLD .cl Telephone area code 0056 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography The Republic of Chile (Spanish: Rep¨²blica de Chile) is located on the west coast of South America and… Read More »

Brazil Overview

Official language Portuguese Capital Brasilia Form of government presidential Federal Republic Area 8,547,400 km² Residents 189,000,000 Currency real Time zone UTC −2 to −4 License Plate BR Internet TLD .br Telephone area code 0055 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest in the world with an area… Read More »

Bolivia Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Sucre Form of government Presidential Republic Area 1,098,580 km² Residents 9,340,000 Currency Boliviano Time zone UTC -4 License Plate BOL Internet TLD .bo Telephone area code 00591 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America that is surrounded by five neighboring countries: Brazil in the north and east,… Read More »

Argentina Overview

Official language Spanish Capital Buenos Aires Form of government presidential Federal Republic Area 2,780,403 km² Residents 40,765,000 Currency peso Time zone UTC -3 License Plate RA Internet TLD .ar Telephone area code 0054 (Source: ALLCITYCODES) Geography Argentina occupies almost the entire southern tip of South America. The republic stretches north-south for a length of 3,799… Read More »