Category Archives: Europe

For the complete list of nations in Europe, please visit franciscogardening.com.

Ust-Barguzin, Republic of Buryatia (Russia)

The village of Ust-Barguzin is located 270 km northeast of Ulan-Ude at the mouth of the Barguzin River. According to percomputer.com, Ust-Barguzin is the starting point for a trip to the Zabaikalsky National Park. You can get here by crossing in Ust-Barguzin to the right bank of the Barguzin River, and driving along the only… Read More »

Vatican City

According to nonprofitdictionary.com, the Vatican is known as the largest treasury of works of art. Especially for the popes, outstanding masters worked here, whose works are now an integral part of world culture. The Vatican also has unique collections of ancient Roman art. The most richly painted interiors of the Papal Palace. The world famous… Read More »

Czech Republic in the Early 2000’s

According to topschoolsintheusa, the main issues that the Czech Republic was called upon to address on the threshold of 2000 were the strengthening of the economy and the consolidation of the budget, both indispensable for entry into the European Union, considered a fundamental stage in the economic and social development of the country.. The minority… Read More »

What to See in Portugal

Portugal is in demand among experienced tourists and those who are just starting their round-the-world voyage. There is something to see and where to go on an excursion. Any chosen region can offer the guest a warm and mild climate, a variety of tourist destinations and interesting sights, good comfort and a wide range of… Read More »

Brief Information About Europe

Europe is one of the smallest continents on Earth. About 40 thousand years ago in Europe, modern people replaced the Neanderthals, and since then European civilization has begun. According to ancient Greek mythology, Europe was the daughter of the Phoenician king Agenor and Telefassa, who was kidnapped by Zeus. Subsequently, Europa became the wife of… Read More »

Switzerland Attractions

St. Gallen St. Gallen, located in eastern Switzerland on the Steinach River near Lake Constance, has an old town with patrician houses from the 17th and 18th centuries. The monastery library in the inner courtyard of the Benedictine monastery, the canton library of St. Gallen, which was founded in 1551, and the baroque cathedral are… Read More »

About Turkey

According to topschoolsintheusa.com, Turkey is a state in Southeastern Europe and Southwestern Asia. In the northwest it borders on Bulgaria and Greece, in the northeast – on Georgia and Armenia, in the east – on Iran, in the south – on Iraq and Syria. In the north it is washed by the Black Sea, in… Read More »

Russia Trade and Service

Trade and service enterprises actively developed in the 1990s. At the beginning of 2002, more than 1 million workers were employed in this industry, and the annual turnover of retail trade enterprises amounted to 3,719 billion rubles. in current prices, having exceeded the level of 1990 in comparable prices by 14.5%. Throughout the 1990s. more… Read More »

State Structure and Political System of Netherlands

According to microedu, the Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The first Constitution was adopted in 1814. The Constitution of 1983 is now in force, replacing the Basic Law of 1848. Administratively, the Netherlands is divided into 12 historical provinces, and the provinces into 635 communes. Amsterdam is considered the… Read More »

About Germany

According to experts, Germany is by far the safest tourist destination for tourists. According to statistics, this is the third country in Europe in terms of the number of visits, and the income from the tourism industry amounted to 3.5% of the country’s total GDP. So what attracts tourists from all over the world so… Read More »

About Austria

Although Austria has a small geographical size, the number of attractions and recreational opportunities for tourists here is huge. Mostly, many sights are old buildings, which at the moment are architectural and historical values. An important part of the Austrian tourism industry is natural areas: national parks, nature reserves, ski resorts, numerous lakes and forests.… Read More »

About Macedonia

Get acquainted with the origins of Orthodoxy in the Balkans, see with your own eyes ancient monasteries and ancient architecture, swim and fish in the cleanest rivers and engage in the best eco-tourism in Europe – this is what cozy Macedonia offers foreign guests. Geography of Macedonia According to extrareference, the Republic of Macedonia is… Read More »

Russia Economic Conditions in the Early 1990’s

The Russian economic system underwent a tumultuous evolution in the 1990s, with contradictory aspects: on the one hand, a process of liberalization, privatization and rationalization of the production structures was decisively initiated; on the other hand, profoundly negative phenomena have occurred, shown both by the bad trend of macroeconomic indicators and by the spread of… Read More »

Italy Population 2011

At the last census (2011), the resident population was 59,433,744, reaching the figure of 60,782,668 in 2014. (ISTAT data) and reiterating a slowdown in growth that is now more than twenty years old. The coastal and flat areas are confirmed as those with the highest concentration and, in general, the Italy it is still one… Read More »

Russia Public Law

The division of society into two classes dates back to the earliest period in Russian history: the free population and the free population. At first only in fact but then, increasingly also of law, the free population differs: the boyars (nobles), citizens (goro ž ri) and farmers (commonly called smerdy or is ern ‘and, from… Read More »

Greece Population and Economy 1981

Population. – At the 1981 census, Greece counted 9,740,417 residents, almost one million more units than 10 years earlier, continuing the trend towards demographic increase (0.4% per year, 1983-88) which occurred in previous twenty years. The birth rate in more recent years tends to decrease quite rapidly (10.1 ‰ in 1989 against 14.5 ‰ in… Read More »

USSR vs Russia

Ethnic-territorial disputes with other former Soviet states. -Among the many ethnic-based territorial disputes which, previously latent, exploded immediately after the dissolution of the USSR, some, although not the most serious, directly and specifically concern Russia. First of all, there is a recurring dispute between Russia and Ukraine over Crimea. This peninsula (27,000 km 2and 2.5 million residents),… Read More »

Germany Prehistory and Early History

PREHISTORY Man makes his appearance in Germany about 500,000 years ago, dating attributed to a lower jaw found near Heidelberg. The Acheulean culture (650.00-200.000 years ago) is present in important deposits (for example, Markkleeberg, near Leipzig, probably of Rssian age). During the Würm, in addition to the Micocchiano (Bockstein), various aspects of the Mousterian develop, the most interesting of which is… Read More »

Germany Population

Germany is a state of Central Europe, bordered to the North by Denmark, E by Poland and the Czech Republic, SE and S with the’ Austria, SW and O with France, Switzerland on Belgium and Luxembourg, to NO with the Netherlands ; it is washed to the North by the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. The name Germania (ie «country of the Germans») was originally given by the Romans… Read More »

Germany Morphology

The Germanic region occupies a large part of central Europe, i.e. the area that separates the regions of Atlantic-Mediterranean Europe (very rough hills and extremely articulated coasts) from the immense Russian plain (rather soft undulations and poor relations with the sea). Its southernmost part extends as far as the northern section of the Alpine chain proper,… Read More »

Germany Literature in the 20th Century

The first half of the twentieth century In the meantime, under the influence of the French Symbolists and the English Pre-Raphaelites, the great cycle of aestheticism had begun, which found in Germany one of its culminations in S. George, a refined poet and promoter of a circle that exercised an ethical-aesthetic teaching on German culture, creating… Read More »

Germany Literature – From the Age of Goethe to the 19th Century

The age of Goethe and German Romanticism In the meantime, JW Goethe had already strongly asserted himself who, for having collected, strengthened and often also aroused the ideal ferments of his time, defines an entire era, the most prosperous that German culture and literature have ever had. These ferments, collected under the common label of Sturm und Drang, expressed… Read More »

Germany Literature – From Humanism to the 18th Century

From Humanism to the Baroque Age In Germany Humanism essentially remained a scholarly phenomenon: however, the personalities of the Franconian C. Celtis and the Rhenish J. Reuchlin, as well as the great Erasmus of Rotterdam, should be remembered. Too more vital and urgent were the contemporary religious instances, promoted by M. Luther, a genius of the German spirit as he was… Read More »

Germany Literature – From the Origins to the Late Middle Ages

The beginnings – The first evidence of an independent German literature with respect to the Latin and Romanesque world dates back to the Carolingian era and belong to the field of lexicography: the Abrogans, a collection of synonyms translated into Bavarian dialect in 765-70 and then into Alemannic dialect towards the end of the century, and the Vocabolarius… Read More »

Germany Music

From the origins to the 18th century From the earliest times, Germanic poetry benefited from singing, especially choral singing, alone or supported by instruments such as harp. In the early Middle Ages the spread of Christianity produced original blooms of choral singing, while from the 12th to the 14th century. a large troubadour movement developed,… Read More »

Germany Society and Human Rights

Population and society Made up of nearly 81 million people, the German population is the largest in the European Union. In recent years, however, there has been a slight decrease: the demographic increase rate was 0.3%, the fertility rate was 1.4 children per woman, while the migration rate – much decreased compared to the 1990s.… Read More »

Germany Literature

In a political and cultural framework radically transformed by the reunification of two long-separated communities, a growing consideration for the ‘German pain’ has imposed itself on the united consciousness, and therefore greater attention to the biographical events of family members involved as victims or executioners in tragic events of National Socialism. A second line of… Read More »

Germany Population in the Early 2000’s

Central European state. Sixty years after the disastrous outcome of the Second World War, which in fact reduced it (and relegated it for a long period of time) to a state of not fully sovereign state, Germany has returned to being an actor of the very first magnitude in the political and, above all, European… Read More »

Germany Population 1998

On the threshold of the third millennium, Germany represents one of the key elements of the new European and world geopolitical construction, but, at the same time, also one of the elements of greatest uncertainty. The assertion, paradoxical in itself, is grounded in recent events in the German territory and economy. The first has not… Read More »