Category Archives: Europe

For the complete list of nations in Europe, please visit franciscogardening.com.

Sweden Arts and Architecture in the 20th Century

In the 20th century. the artistic production is partly attracted by the international avant-garde currents while the awareness of national traditions is also affirmed. V. Eggeling, OG Carlsund, G. Adrian-Nilson (called GAN), elaborated experimental languages ​​and a geometric purism that was followed only after 1945. In 1929 A. and E. Olson, Sweden Mörner and other painters… Read More »

Spain Breeding and Fishing

Although inferior to the wealth of other times (15th-16th centuries) and perhaps to the possibilities offered by the territory (just under 1/3 of this is made up of grazing areas), the Spanish livestock heritage appears to be quite well supplied, and does not unequal to the needs of agricultural life. In 1933 it included 802,800… Read More »

Portugal Cinema

According to top-mba-universities, the cinema in Portugal has characterized itself, since the seventies, on the eve of the Carnation Revolution, when the Centro português de cinema (CPC, an autonomous cooperative made up of eighteen directors) was formed, as an auteur cinema, path from experimentalisms and cultural references, with a refined structure, rigorous language, rarefied, literary,… Read More »

Norway Population, Economy and Languages

Population At the beginning of the 18th century. the Norway had 700,000 residents. These increased significantly in the following century, rising to over 2 million in 1900 and then doubling in the time leading up to the end of the 20th century. The excessive increase in local resources, together with the serious agricultural crises that… Read More »

Hungary Arts and Architecture from 11th to 19th Century

According to top-mba-universities, the Magyars found in the Pannonian territory an artistic culture brought there by Huns, Avars, Scythians, Lombards, and introduced elements of Persian-Sassanid origin, as shown by various goldsmiths found in the tombs. With Stephen I the Saint began the western direction of the art of the Hungary 3rd-4th century there were examples… Read More »

Austria History – Maria Theresa’s Reforms and Politics

According to searchforpublicschools, the empress took advantage of the few years of peace that she could enjoy between the war for the Austrian succession (1740-1748) and the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763), for internal reforms that aimed above all at improving the military conditions of the Empire. He also worked to emancipate the monarch from the… Read More »

Finland Geography

Finland State of Northern Europe ; the borders have a length that reaches 4400 km, of which about one third are coasts (in the S Gulf of Finland; in the W Gulf of Bothnia, both dependencies of the Baltic Sea), while two thirds are made up of land borders (with the Sweden, the Norway and… Read More »

Spain Arts

Before outlining a profile of Spanish art of the 1980s and early 1990s, it is necessary to briefly reconsider the experiences gained in the previous decade that questioned the art of the 1960s, characterized by a provocative, radical and irreverent spirit. The art of the seventies is less prone to ruptures and experimentalisms: the return… Read More »

Poland Figurative Arts

After the First World War, the Polish contribution to contemporary art was notable. The «Formismo» group (Krakow, 1917-22), partly influenced by Futurism and Cubism, reacted to the Viennese ‘Secession’; followed by the groups Rytm (1921) and Blok (1924, M. Szczuka, W. Strzemiński, H. Stażewski, H. Berlewi, K. Kobro), continued by the Prezens group and that of the young people… Read More »

Sweden Dantesque Encyclopedia

For the information that D. could have on the political situation of the Sweden (nation as such never remembered by the poet) and in general on the Swedish environment, see SCANDINAVIA. Fortuna of Dante in Sweden. – If the name of D. had already been known in Sweden for a long time, the first evidence… Read More »

Hungary Defense and Security

Hungary joined NATO in March 1999, thanks to the positive outcome of a very popular referendum. The enlargement, which took place with Poland and the Czech Republic, is the result of a cooperation process started in the first half of the 1990s and culminated with the Hungarian participation in the missions of the Atlantic Alliance… Read More »

Portugal Cinematography in the 1960’s and 1970’s

A series of favorable occasions allowed the advent of a new wave of directors. In 1961 António da Cunha Telles organized the first cinema course in Lisbon. The intention was to train a new generation of technicians, astutely taking advantage of the contradictory political openness shown by the FCN. But the most important event was… Read More »

Lithuania Society, Economy and Security

Population, society and rights The Lithuanian population has decreased by over 700,000 since 1990. Between 2005 and 2010, Lithuania recorded the highest emigration rate in Europe (2.3%). It is no coincidence that remittances from abroad now represent about 5% of the entire Lithuanian GDP. Lithuania is the most ethnically homogeneous country among the three Baltic… Read More »

Belgium Society and Human Rights

Population and society With 370 residents per square kilometer, Belgium is the second largest country in Europe by population density, surpassed only by the Netherlands. Flanders and Wallonia are regions with a similar geographical extension, however the majority of the population is concentrated in the former: just over 6.4 million people live there, while Wallonia… Read More »

The Republic of Austria

The Constituent Assembly (1919) voted a federal constitution with a president, a national council and a federal council and with wide autonomy for the 9 Länder. THERE. it was in a disastrous economic situation, while the disagreement between Vienna and the provinces that wished to join Germany intensified. After the socialist uprising in Vienna (15… Read More »

Bulgaria Society and Economy

Population, society and rights The Bulgarian population has experienced a demographic decline compared to the 1980s, when the country had nearly nine million citizens. Today they have dropped to just over seven million and it is estimated that, by 2020, Bulgarians could drop to seven million. The phenomenon is directly linked to emigration: between the… Read More »

Travel to Beautiful Cities in Turkey

Here you will find study trips and round trips through the metropolises of Turkey Istanbul Visit Istanbul, the old Constantinople, the cultural and economic center of Turkey and the only metropolis that lies on two continents. Get to know the different religions on a study tour, but don’t forget the culture and other attractions such… Read More »

Basel-Stadt, Switzerland

Basel-Stadt is a Swiss canton. In other words, the canton of Basel-Stadt is one of the half-cantons. Basel-Stadt is part of the Swiss Confederation. The capital of the canton Basel-Stadt is. Compared to the other cantons, Basel-Stadt is the smallest but also the most densely populated. The area around Basel-Stadt Basel-Stadt consists of Basel and… Read More »

Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Switzerland

Appenzell Ausserrhoden is a Swiss canton with German speaking Alignment. The canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden belongs to the Swiss Confederation and is located in the north-east of the country. Its main town is called Herisau. There are different ways of pronouncing the name Appenzell Ausserrhoden. So it is called in French, for example, Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures,… Read More »

Bern, Switzerland

Bern is one of 26 cantons in Switzerland and, along with Zurich and Vaud, is one of the larger cantons. But Bern is also a city in the Switzerland. It lies at an altitude of 542 meters and its old observatory is the zero point of the Swiss national survey. Bern is the federal capital… Read More »

Belgium Literature in Dutch Language

If for Dutch literature we have already mentioned that Ludwigslied which is the original masterpiece, however, other medieval compositions that stand out for their liveliness of representation, such as Lancelot van Danemarken (Lancelot of Denmark) and Beatrijs, as it should be remembered, should not be overlooked. his mystical writings, Jan Ruysbroeck (1293-1381). But it is necessary to go as… Read More »

Ukraine Culture

TERRITORY: ENVIRONMENT Consisting for the most part of flat and fertile steppes, according to dentistrymyth, the Ukrainian territory is particularly suitable for extensive agriculture: 57.6% of the area is arable and cultivated, almost always by large collective farms working on thousands and thousands of hectares. Vast expanses of cereal crops, but also fields of sunflower,… Read More »

Travel to Poland

Green hills, a present history and medieval towns with a trendy undertone will meet you on your way through Poland. Kraków attracts with an architecture that alternates between Gothic, Baroque and Art Nouveau – as well as a highly vibrant cultural life. Outside the cities, the hiking trails are waiting to lead you through dense… Read More »

Working and Living in Finland

Labor market – vacancies, jobs As a citizen of the EU or a Schengen area state, you do not need a work permit and – if the employment relationship lasts for a maximum of 3 months – you do not need a residence permit. If you work for more than 3 months, you need to… Read More »

Travel to Ljubljana, Slovenia

Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia. In Austria or Germanythe city is also called Laibach. Where the name comes from, whether from Ljubljana, loved in German or aluviana from the Latin language, what the name of the river is, can no longer be clarified. Characteristic for Ljubljana is the diverse mix of art,Culture, Exuberance and… Read More »

Germany History: the Postwar Period and the Partition of Germany

The administration of the victors had to purge people, institutions, books from Nazi ideas, rigorously apply disarmament, restrict industry to narrow limits, organize the withdrawals of goods for repairs. Provisional borders attributed East Prussia to the Soviet Union, Silesia and the area up to the Oder, including Szczecin, to restored Poland. From these regions millions… Read More »

Northern Ireland Attractions

Golf, fishing, hiking, and boating tourism are all possible vacation activities. Furthermore, boat tours connect Northern Ireland with the Republic of Ireland. Otherwise there is a rich cultural offer in Belfast and Derry. According to allcitycodes, the capital city of Belfast has some Victorian buildings worth seeing, such as City Hall. Below are some other must-see and worthwhile destinations in Northern… Read More »

Traveling in Croatia

Croatia – how to get there Airplane: Croatia’s national airline is Croatia Airlines (OU). Airlines that also offer flights to and from Croatia include Lufthansa (LH), EasyJet (EZY),British Airways (BA), LOT Polish Airlines (LO), Hapag Lloyd Express (HLX), Austrian Airlines (OS), Adria Airways (JD), Aeroflot (SU), Air France (AF), Turkish Airlines (TK), Alitalia (AZ), CSA… Read More »

Travel to Bulgaria

Best travel time for Bulgaria The spring (from April to mid-June) is an excellent time for a visit to Bulgaria. During this period, the weather is usually good, the theater and entertainment venues are in full swing and low-season prices often still apply. The summer (mid-June to early September) is ideal for hiking and festivals,… Read More »

Travel to Switzerland

Area: 41,285 km² Residents: 8,482,152 (December 31, 2017) Population density: 205 E / km² Form of Government: Federal Republic System of Government: Directorate system Neighboring countries: Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Italy, France Capital: Bern National Languages: German, French, Italian, Romansh religions: 41% Roman Catholic, 40% Evangelical Reformed, 0.22% Jehovah’s Witnesses Currency: Swiss francs (CHF) 1 CHF = 100 cents Exchange rates: 1 EUR =… Read More »