People in Zambia
About 14.5 million people live in Zambia, the
Zambians. Women in Zambia have an average of 5.3
children. One speaks of a high birth rate. On the other
hand, there is also a high death rate among children.
Two out of every 100 babies die at birth, four by the
age of one and six by the age of five.
On average, people live to be only 52 years old.
Almost half of Zambia's population is under 15 years of
age. Very few people live to be older than 65 years. In
Zambia too, as in many other South African countries,
many people have contracted AIDS. That is why the
country's death rate is so high and why so few people
live really old.
Bemba, Tonga and many more
Most of the Zambians belong to the Bantu people.
There are many different groups here, 73 in total. The
largest group is the Bemba. This includes 21 out of 100
Zambians. 13 out of 100 are Tonga. Chewa live in the
east of the country. Lozi (or Rotse) and Nsenga are the
next two largest groups. They both live in the south of
Zambia. Many other ethnic groups live in the country.
Only 1 percent of the population come from Europe and
Languages in Zambia
The official language of Zambia is English. This is a
legacy from the colonial days when the British ruled
here. English is spoken in administration, in schools
and on television and radio. In the larger cities, too,
many people speak English.
However, the further you go into the country, the
fewer people will speak English that you can understand.
Here the Bantu peoples speak their own language. Bemba
and Nyanja are the most common languages. A total of 43
languages are spoken in Zambia.
Religions in Zambia
Almost all Zambians follow the Christian faith. 75
out of 100 people are Protestants, 20 are Catholics. But
many Zambians also live their old natural religions. So
it is not a problem to be a Christian, but still believe
in the old gods or spirits. The Tumbuka people in the
east of Zambia, for example, live the Vimbuza cult with
worship of ancestors and spirits as well as ceremonies