Definition of Western Europe
Western Europe refers to the countries in west part of Europe continent,
whereby the delimitation varies depending on the context:
- During the Cold War, the market economy-oriented countries of Europe
were referred to as Western Europe, in contrast to the planned
economy-oriented countries of Eastern Europe, the Eastern Bloc.
- Before the eastward expansion of the EU and NATO, the term was used for
the countries of Europe that were members of the EU and / or NATO, but
including Switzerland, which was not a member of either organization. This
roughly coincided with the political Western Europe.
- Since the eastward expansion of the EU and NATO, Western Europe in the
broadest, political sense includes all European countries with the exception
of Ukraine and Georgia as well as the CIS members Moldova, Belarus, Russia,
Armenia and Azerbaijan. This Western Europe (apart from the smaller states,
Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Finland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia,
Monaco, Montenegro, Austria, San Marino, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland,
Vatican City) is militarily linked to the United States in NATO and
economically fully geared towards the European Union (EU).
Map of West Europe
But statisticians do not work with political concepts, but with concrete
- In the statistical classification of the United Nations, Western Europe
includes: Belgium, Germany, France, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the
Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland.
- The Standing Committee on Geographical Names (StAGN) counts the
following countries in Western Europe: Belgium, France, Ireland, Monaco, the
Netherlands, the United Kingdom
Countries in Western Europe