|Population growth rate
||18.80 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||0.98 M / F
||31.41 residents per km²
|Caracas 1,942,652 (A 3.6 million),
Maracaibo 1,898,770, Valencia 1,378,958, Barquisimeto 940,400, Ciudad
Guayana 677,600, Maturín 449,500, Maracay 406,937, Petare 389,100,
Barcelona 387,000, Ciudad Bolívar 335.208, Turmero 330.201, Cumaná
311.700, Barinas 306.900, San Cristóbal 260.173, Cabimas 255.567, Puerto
la Cruz 243.572, Mérida 213.962, Guarenas 208.565
|75-80% European-African-indigenous, 15-20% European,
3-5% African descent, 1.5% indigenous
|nominal Catholics (Roman Catholic) 96%, Protestants 2%,
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Venezuela
When the Spaniards and other Europeans settled in
what is now Venezuela from the 16th century onwards,
they mingled with the indigenous peoples who had lived
here for millennia. The descendants of whites and
indigenous peoples are today the largest population
group in the country with 51.5 percent.
43.6 percent are white. Many Spaniards (especially
from the Canary Islands) and Italians emigrated to
Venezuela after World War II. 3.6 percent of the
population are of African origin and thus
Afro-Venezuelan. Most of them are descendants of slaves
who have been brought here since the 16th century. They
live mainly on the Caribbean coast.
Are there still indigenous people in Venezuela?
Only 2.7 percent belong to one of the indigenous
peoples. More than 30 indigenous peoples have been
counted in Venezuela. Among them are the Wayúu in the
very north-west, with 415,000 people, the largest
indigenous group in the country. The Warao in the
Orinoco Delta still number around 36,000 people.
Other indigenous peoples are the Pemón in the
southeast with around 30,000 people, the Caribs west of
the Orinoco Delta with around 5,000 people in Venezuela,
the Piraoa (15,000 on the border with Colombia on the
Orinoco), north of these the Guahibo (around 6,000,
proper name: Wayapopihíwi), Yekuana (6000) and Yanomami
(14,000) on the border with Brazil on the Orinoco.
- Children: Every woman in Venezuela has an
average of 2.3 children. With us, every woman has an
average of 1.4 children. So the families in
Venezuela are a bit bigger than ours.
- City and Country: Almost 89 percent of
Venezuela's residents live in cities. So only 11
percent of the population live in rural areas. The
mountain valleys are most densely populated. The
capital Caracas is also located in such a mountain
valley. Maracaibo and Valencia are the next largest
cities. In the highlands of Guyana, which makes up
around half of the country's area, only about 5
percent of the population live!
Languages in Venezuela
Spanish is the official language in Venezuela. 95
percent of the population speak Spanish as their mother
tongue. However, the Spanish spoken in Venezuela is
different from Spanish in Spain.
What are Voseo, Seseo and Yeísmo?
Voseo - they say vos instead of tu for "you" - is
spoken in Venezuela only in the northwest. In some parts
of the country usted is also used for tu. The Seseo is
typical everywhere ( c before e and i is pronounced like
s, not like the English th ). It is also typical that
the g (before e and i ) and the j, which are spoken in
Spanish like the ch in "ach", are more breathtaking in
Venezuela. And while in Spanish one uses a double l (as
in llamar ) aslj is pronounced in Venezuela as j. By
the way, that's called yeísmo.
It is also typical in Venezuela to leave out endings
(for example, one says pa instead of para ). A d in the
middle of a word is often left out: Helado (ice cream)
is then pronounced like ela-o. As a diminutive in
Venezuela, -ico is used instead of -ito if the last
syllable contains a t, so rata (the rat) becomes ratica
(the little rat, the "little rat").
The indigenous languages as well as English,
Italian and Portuguese also had an influence on
Venezuelan Spanish. Many loan words come from these
Many of the indigenous peoples also speak their own
languages. There are still 31 indigenous languages in
Venezuela. Most of the speakers have the Wayúu, which
speaks the people of the same name. Warao and Pemón are
also spoken by the peoples of the same name. The
Yanomami even have five languages!
Religions in Venezuela
79 percent of the population are Catholics (Roman
Catholic). 13 percent belong to a Protestant church. 2
percent belong to another religion. 6 percent do not
belong to any church.