People in United Kingdom
The inhabitants of Great Britain are called British.
Depending on the part of the country, the British are
also English, Scots, Welsh or Northern Irish. The
English make up the bulk of the population: 84 percent.
Great Britain was once a world empire and the
greatest colonial power on earth. So it had a lot of
colonies. These included Canada and Australia, India
and Pakistan, several islands in the Caribbean (such as
Jamaica) and many countries in Africa. After the Second
World War, most of these countries became independent.
However, many people from the former colonies came to
Britain, especially in the 1950s and 1960s, and now live
in the country with their descendants. That is why you
see so many nationalities when you are in the UK. The
largest group of immigrants come from Africa or the
Caribbean (three percent of the population). The Indians
make up the largest immigration group among the Asians,
followed by people from Pakistan and Bangladesh as well
as China (total from Asia: seven percent).
65 million people live in the UK. Most of them live
in England, namely 55 million. 5 million are Scots, 2
million are Welsh and just under 2 million are Northern
83 out of 100 people live in a city. that is a very
high proportion of city dwellers. The centers are
London, Manchester and Liverpool as well as Edinburgh
and Glasgow in Scotland.
With 1.8 children per woman, the birth rate is rather
high compared to other European countries. The average
age of the British is 40.6 years. Life expectancy is
83.5 years for women and 78.8 years for men.
Languages in United Kingdom
English is spoken in the UK. It is written with the
Latin alphabet (which you also use for German). English
is also known as a world language because it is spoken
by a great many people as their mother tongue, including
in the USA, Australia and Canada. In addition, many
people learn English as their first foreign language.
You probably already know a little English, right?
The English spoken in Great Britain is also known as
British English. It differs from the English spoken in
the USA or in Australia or in South Africa. So you use
different words or write words differently. "Biscuit"
means, for example with the British biscuit, with the
But even within Great Britain, the spoken English is
very different. It's just like in Germany, where there
are also many dialects. People speak differently in
Scotland than in the south of England.
A special dialect is the Cockney that is spoken in
London. The Cockney has a funny peculiarity: the word
you want to say is replaced by one that rhymes with it,
often only with the first part that doesn't rhyme
itself! As a result, what was said no longer makes sense
to someone who does not speak Cockney.
For example, instead of "I haven't seen you for
years." (I haven't seen you for years) they say "I
haven't seen you for donkeys" (literally: I haven't seen
you in donkeys). Donkey ears rhymes with years. Or
instead of "I'm watching the telly" you say "I'm
watching the lisa" because "Liza Minelli" rhymes with
telly (that's the name of a famous actress and singer).
Maybe you can invent an example in German!
Gaelic, Welsh, Irish
In addition to English, the respective national
language is also spoken in the other parts of the
country. Gaelic is spoken in Scotland, Welsh in Wales
and Irish in Northern Ireland. Road signs can be found
in both languages.
Some words are very similar in German and English.
This is useful because it makes it easier for us to
learn it. For example: apple and apple, butter and
butter, cat and cat. This is so because English and
German belong to the same language family (the West
Germanic languages) and therefore have the same roots.
Religions in United Kingdom
Almost 60 percent of the population are Christians.
Most of them belong to the Anglican Church. Due to the
large number of immigrants, Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs
also live in the country.