|Population growth rate
||10.30 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||0.85 M / F
||72.77 residents per km▓
|Ky´v (Kiev) 2,887,974, Charkiv (Charkiw)
1,452,887, Odesa (Odessa) 1,016,515, Dnipro 989,769, Donec'k (Donetsk)
936,257, Zaporizzja (Zaporizhia) 761,993, L'viv (Lemberg) 729.429,
Kryvyj Rih (Krywyj Rih) 647.727, Mykola´v (Mykolaiv) 494.763, Mariupol
'455.063, Luhans'k 417.990, Vinnycja (Winnyzja) 372.484, Sevastopol'
368.601 (Sfer 348.13.608), Maki2vkaopol, Cherson 296.448, Poltava
|78% Ukrainians, 17% Russians, 0.6% Belarusians, 0.5%
Crimean Tatars; over 130 nationalities in total
|Orthodox (without special classification) 16% Ukrainian
Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 9% Ukrainian Orthodox - Kiev Patriarchate
10% Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 1.7% Ukrainian Catholics (Uniate),
Protestants, Jews 38% (2004)
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Ukraine
Almost 44 million people live in Ukraine. Most of
them, 70 out of 100 people, live in a city. Kiev is the
most populous city with 2.7 million people. Then follow
the megacities of Kharkiv, Dnipro, Odessa and Donetsk.
In Ukraine, every woman has an average of 1.56
children. That's not a lot and so the population is
slowly falling. The average age is 41.2 years. In
Germany, by the way, it is 47.4 years, which is a lot
higher. However, life expectancy in Ukraine is very low.
It is 68.2 years for men and 77.9 years for women.
Most of the residents of Ukraine are Ukrainians (78
percent), but Russians also live in the country (17
percent). However, the distribution is not the same
everywhere. More Russians than Ukrainians live on the
Crimean peninsula. Russians also have high proportions
of the population in the districts of eastern Ukraine,
in Luhansk and Donetsk.
Minorities with less than one percent of the
population are Moldovans, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars,
Bulgarians, Magyars, Poles, Jews and Armenians. Around
30,000 people belong to a German-speaking minority.
Before the First World War, this number was much higher
at several hundred thousand people.
Languages in Ukraine
Ukrainian is spoken in Ukraine. It is the official
language of the country. Until independence in 1991,
Russian was also the official language. Today most of
the residents also understand and speak Russian.
However, 70 percent state Ukrainian as their mother
tongue. In most schools, Ukrainian is now the language
of instruction and no longer Russian.
In areas with a high proportion of Russian
populations, such as eastern Ukraine, more people speak
Russian than Ukrainian on a daily basis - not only
Russians, but also Ukrainians who live there. In 2012,
Russian became the recognized official language wherever
at least 10 percent of the population speak it. After
all, this is the case in 13 out of 27 regions and it was
then implemented in nine regions. Politically, the
language issue is a hot topic in the country.
Ukrainian and Russian are both East Slavic languages
and evolved from a common language. They are related to
each other and there are many similarities. Speakers can
communicate with each other to a certain extent. The
vocabulary is about two thirds the same (also with
In addition to Ukrainian and Russian, other languages
are spoken in the country such as Hungarian, Romanian,
Crimean Tatar, Belarusian and Armenian.
Like Russian, Ukrainian is written in Cyrillic script
. However, there are also the letters Ї, which is
pronounced Ji, and Ґ, which stands for the g, because
Г (in Russian, the G) is used for h.
Religions in Ukraine
75 out of 100 Ukrainians belong to the Orthodox
Church. This is divided into several churches, which
for a long time were not all recognized. The Ukrainian
Orthodox Church of the Kiev Patriarchate was not
established until 1991. It fought with the Ukrainian
Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate for ownership
of many church buildings. The Ukrainian Autocephalous
Orthodox Church was also not recognized. Against the
resistance of the Russian Orthodox Church, the three
churches were merged in 2018. There are also 4 percent
Muslims, 2.7 percent Protestants and 2.4 percent
Catholics in the country.