|Population growth rate
||21.20 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||1.03 M / F
||104.75 residents per kmē
|(Z 2004) Halab (Aleppo) 2,132,100, Dimaschq
(Damascus) 1,414,913, Homs 652,609, Al-Ladhiqiyah (Latakia) 383,786,
Hamah (Hama) 312,994, Ar-Raqqah (Raqqa) 220,488, Deir az- Zor 211.857,
Hasakah 188.160, Al-Qamishli 184.231, Al-Yarmuk 137.248, As-Sidah Zaynab
136.427, Tartus 115.769, Jaramanah 114.363, Duma 110.893, Manbij 99.497
|approx. 89% Syrian Arabs, over 6% Kurds (partly
stateless), 2% Armenians as well as Circassians, Turkmen, Turks and
|Sunnis 74%, Alawis, Druze and other Muslim sects 16%;
Christians (different faith communities) 10%; small jewish communities
in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Syria
It is not at all easy to give an exact population
figure for Syria. Official figures from 2010 speak of
20.9 million Syrians. However, many of them have now
become refugees. Around five million are said to have
fled abroad. About six million have fled within the
country to get more or less to safety from the war.
These people are called internally displaced people,
precisely because they are on the run in the country
themselves. For the year 2016, the CIA factbook gives
only 17 million people as the population for Syrein.
Who lives in Syria?
In 2010, 90 out of 100 Syria's residents were Arabs.
There were also 10 percent Kurds, Armenians,
Circassians, Turkmen and Assyrians. Most Kurds live in
the areas near the border with Turkey. Many Kurds from
Turkey fled here, especially between 1924 and 1938. The
Armenians also came mainly as refugees from Turkey.
Around half a million Palestinians and 200,000 Iraqis
who have fled themselves and have often been in refugee
camps there for many years still live in Syria. Their
living conditions are often poor and have been made
worse by the war.
Languages in Syria
Arabic is spoken in Syria, primarily a Syrian dialect
of Arabic, Syrian Arabic. However, standard Arabic is
mostly used for writing. Other dialects of Arabic are
spoken by the Palestinians and Iraqis living in the
The Kurds in the country speak Kurdish, the Armenians
Armenian, the Turkmen Turkmen. The Syrian Christians,
that is to say above all the Assyrians and the Aramaeans,
Religions in Syria
88 out of 100 residents are Muslims. Most of them
(74) are Sunnis. 12 out of 100 are Alawites, who live
mainly on the coast and in the mountains. Although they
only make up part of the population, they have a lot of
power because the president is also an Alawite. Some
Muslims (2 in 100) are Shiite. However, Islam is not a
state religion in Syria.
Ten out of 100 people are
Christians. These include Armenians, Aramaeans and
Assyrians. Arameans and Assyrians mostly belong to the
Syrian Orthodox Church and live in the northeast of the
country. There are also 2 percent drusen.