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Sweden Population

Population Distribution

Total population 10.202.491
Population growth rate 0.79%
Birth rate 12.10 births per 1,000 residents
Life expectancy  
Overall life expectancy 81.28 years
Men life expectancy 78.95 years
Women life expectancy 83.75 years
Age structure  
0-14 years 17.54%
15-64 years 62.10%
65 years and above 20.37%
Median age 41.20 years
Gender ratio 0.98 M / F
Population density 22.66 residents per km²
Urbanization 83.40%
Cities  
Stockholm 923,516 (A 2.2 million), Gothenburg 548,190, Malmö 322,574, Uppsala 210,126, Linköping 152,966, Västerås 145,218, Örebro 144,200, Helsingborg 137,909, Norrköping 137,035, Jönköping 133,310, Umeå 120,777, Lund Borås 108.488, Huddinge 105.311
Ethnicities  
Sweden; approx. 500,000 Swedes and 20,000 Sámi (Sami); Proportion of foreigners 2015: 7.5%
Religions  
Lutherans 87%; Catholics (Roman Catholic 1.7%; Orthodox, Baptists, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.937
HDI ranking 8th

People in Sweden

Sweden has around ten million residents. However, not only Swedes live in the country.

Ten percent of the population belong to another ethnic group. This is how Finns live in Sweden. They are called Swedish Finns. Many of them speak Finnish as their mother tongue. The Swedish Finns live predominantly in central Sweden.

The original residents in the north of the Scandinavian Peninsula are the Sami. Around 20,000 Sami still live in Sweden. In addition to hunting and fishing, they mainly reared reindeer. Today only a few seeds do that.

There are also many people in Sweden who were born abroad and immigrated to the country. In addition to the Finns, these immigrants are mainly people from Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, Poland, Iran, Turkey and Syria.

By the way, 88 percent of all Swedes live in cities. The biggest cities are Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and Uppsala.

Languages in Sweden

Swedish is spoken in Sweden. Swedish is closely related to Danish and especially to Norwegian. All three originated from Old Norse, the language of the Teutons in Scandinavia. Norwegians and Swedes can get along quite well.

Swedish has many dialects and a Swede can hear which part of the country someone comes from. In the Swedish alphabet there are not only Ä and Ö as separate letters, but also Å. It is pronounced more like an "o". The little curl on top is an "o". An example of a Swedish sentence: Barnet äter äpplet. That means: the child eats the apple.

In addition to Swedish, there are other languages, albeit in a minority. This includes Finnish, which is spoken by the Finnish Swedes. Tornedal Finnish, a Finnish dialect, is also spoken on the Swedish-Finnish border. It is named after the Tornedal, a valley that forms the border river there.

The Sami people usually speak Swedish, but sometimes also Sami. Sami is one of the Finnish-Ugric languages ​​and is therefore not related to Swedish. "It's cold" means in North Sami: lea čoaskkis.

Religions in Sweden

58 percent of Swedes are Protestant. You belong to the Swedish Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Sweden. Until 2000 it was the state church of Sweden.

1.1 percent of the population are Catholics. About 5.1 percent belong to Islam and 1.2 percent to the Christian Orthodox Church.


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