|Population growth rate
||12.10 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||0.98 M / F
||22.66 residents per km²
|Stockholm 923,516 (A 2.2 million),
Gothenburg 548,190, Malmö 322,574, Uppsala 210,126, Linköping 152,966,
Västerås 145,218, Örebro 144,200, Helsingborg 137,909, Norrköping
137,035, Jönköping 133,310, Umeå 120,777, Lund Borås 108.488, Huddinge
|Sweden; approx. 500,000 Swedes and 20,000 Sámi (Sami);
Proportion of foreigners 2015: 7.5%
|Lutherans 87%; Catholics (Roman Catholic 1.7%; Orthodox,
Baptists, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Sweden
Sweden has around ten million residents. However,
not only Swedes live in the country.
Ten percent of the population belong to another
ethnic group. This is how Finns live in Sweden. They are
called Swedish Finns. Many of them speak Finnish as
their mother tongue. The Swedish Finns live
predominantly in central Sweden.
The original residents in the north of the
Scandinavian Peninsula are the Sami. Around 20,000 Sami
still live in Sweden. In addition to hunting and
fishing, they mainly reared reindeer. Today only a few
seeds do that.
There are also many people in Sweden who were born
abroad and immigrated to the country. In addition to the
Finns, these immigrants are mainly people from Iraq, the
former Yugoslavia, Poland, Iran, Turkey and Syria.
By the way, 88 percent of all Swedes live in cities.
The biggest cities are Stockholm, Gothenburg, Malmö and
Languages in Sweden
Swedish is spoken in Sweden. Swedish is closely
related to Danish and especially to Norwegian. All three
originated from Old Norse, the language of the Teutons
in Scandinavia. Norwegians and Swedes can get along
Swedish has many dialects and a Swede can hear which
part of the country someone comes from. In the Swedish
alphabet there are not only Ä and Ö as separate letters,
but also Å. It is pronounced more like an "o". The
little curl on top is an "o". An example of a Swedish
sentence: Barnet äter äpplet. That means: the child
eats the apple.
In addition to Swedish, there are other languages,
albeit in a minority. This includes Finnish, which is
spoken by the Finnish Swedes. Tornedal Finnish, a
Finnish dialect, is also spoken on the Swedish-Finnish
border. It is named after the Tornedal, a valley that
forms the border river there.
The Sami people usually speak Swedish, but sometimes
also Sami. Sami is one of the Finnish-Ugric languages
and is therefore not related to Swedish. "It's cold"
means in North Sami: lea čoaskkis.
Religions in Sweden
58 percent of Swedes are Protestant. You belong to
the Swedish Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of
Sweden. Until 2000 it was the state church of Sweden.
1.1 percent of the population are Catholics. About 5.1
percent belong to Islam and 1.2 percent to the Christian