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List of Countries in Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia is part of the Asian continent and includes the countries that are east of India and south of China. The Southeast Asian region is defined by natural boundaries. The Southeast Asian mainland is delimited by mountain ranges from India and China to the north, while there are seas to the east, south and west.

The region is divided into the Southeast Asian mainland (rear Indian peninsula - which consists of the Malay and Indochinese peninsula) - and the island of Southeast Asia (Malay archipelago), Indonesia, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Philippines, Brunei, T imo r -Covers Leste and parts of Malaysia. The Malay Archipelago extends to the coast of Australia.

Map of Southeast Asia

The Indochinese Peninsula is drained by the two major rivers Irrawaddy and Mekong. Southeast Asia borders the Indian Ocean (with the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal) to the west and south and the Pacific Ocean (with Polynesia and Melanesia) to the east. A m southern end of the Malay Peninsula runs the Strait of Malacca between Malaysia and Sumatra. As one of the world's most important maritime trade routes, it connects the marginal seas of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Parts west of the Wallace Line of the Australasian Mediterranean Sea are part of Southeast Asia.

The term Southeast Asia refers to the location between South Asia and East Asia. He was the extremely heterogeneous region under the Second n World War it attributed from the outside were occupied when large parts of the region by Japanese troops and the Western Allies n this term when planning the reconquest used.

The cultures of different n countries of Southeast Asia are influenced by both India and China In addition, there live large communities of overseas Chinese. With Indonesia, the most populous Muslim country in the world is located in the region, as well as very prominent Buddhist countries with Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. There are also significant Christian, Hindu and animist communities.

Economy

Southeast Asia was an important part of the world trading system even before the European invasion. A wide range of goods came from this region, but spices such as pepper, ginger, cloves and nutmeg were particularly important. The spice trade was originally developed by Indian and Arab merchants, but ultimately also attracted Europeans to the region.

First Spaniards (from America) and Portuguese, then the Dutch and finally the British and French. The enforcement of European trade interests led to the annexation of territories, as traders advocated increased control to protect and expand their activities.

As a result, the Dutch moved to Indonesia, the British to Malaya and parts of Borneo, the French to Indochina and the Spaniards and later the US to the Philippines.

One of the economic effects of this imperialism was the change in the production of goods. The rubber plantations in Malaysia, Java, Vietnam and Cambodia, the tin mining in Malaya, the rice fields of the Mekong Delta in Vietnam and the Irrawaddy River Delta in Burma were examples of a reaction to the strong market requirements.

The region's economy has traditionally been heavily dependent on agriculture. Rice and rubber have long been important export goods. But industrial production and the service sector are also becoming increasingly important.

The largest economy in this region is Indonesia, which, like Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines, is one of the wave countries (sometimes also tiger states). Brunei and, above all, Singapore are already among the wealthy industrialized countries. The rest of Southeast Asia remains heavily dependent on agriculture, but Vietnam is making steady progress, particularly in developing its industrial sectors. Although the trade embargo was only lifted in 1995, Vietnam is considered a rising power in Southeast Asia due to its large foreign investment opportunities and booming tourism sector.

The region produces textiles, high-tech electronic goods such as microprocessors and heavy industrial products, but also automobiles.

Overseas Chinese

The overseas Chinese community has played a major role in the development of the region's economies. The origins of Chinese influence can be traced back to the 16th century when Chinese migrants from southern China settled in Indonesia, Thailand, and other Southeast Asian countries.

After the communist revolution of 1949, which forced many refugees to emigrate outside of China, the Chinese population in the region grew rapidly.

Tourism

Tourism has been a key factor in economic development for many Southeast Asian countries. In 1995 Singapore was still the regional leader in tourism income with over 8% (in relation to GDP). By 1998 these revenues had fallen to less than 6% of GDP, while Thailand and Laos had increased revenues to over 7%. Since 2000, Cambodia has surpassed all other ASEAN countries and in 2006 generated almost 15% of its GDP from tourism.

Religions

Southeast Asia is characterized by religious diversity. There are followers of all major world religions in the region, which is due to the historical role of the region as a trading hub. While Buddhists and Muslims make up the majority of the approximately 600 million Southeast Asians, there are also followers of Hinduism, Christianity, Confucianism, and numerous traditional belief systems. As a rule, however, none of the faiths can be regarded as pure doctrine, as they are mostly strongly shaped by traditional beliefs and merged with them.

Countries in South Eastern Asia

Southeast Asia is part of the Asian continent and includes the countries that are east of India and south of China. The region is divided here into the Southeast Asian mainland (Burmese peninsula) and the insular Southeast Asia (Malay archipelago), the Indonesia, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Philippines, Brunei, Timor-Leste (East Timor) and parts of Malaysia covers.

The term Southeast Asia refers to the location between South Asia and East Asia. It was ascribed to the extremely heterogeneous region from outside during the Second World War, when large parts of the region were occupied by Japanese troops and the western allies used this designation when planning the reconquest.

Southeast Asia is divided into the rear Indian peninsula (rear India), which consists of the Malay and the Indochinese peninsula, and the Malay archipelago (Insulinde), the island of Southeast Asia.

The Southeast Asian region is defined by natural boundaries. The Southeast Asian mainland is delimited by mountain ranges from India and China to the north, while there are seas to the east, south and west. To the west and south, Southeast Asia borders the Indian Ocean (with the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal) and to the east the Pacific Ocean (with Polynesia and Melanesia). The Strait of Malacca separates the Indian and Pacific Oceans and is one of the most important maritime trade routes in the world. Parts west of the Wallace Line of the Australasian Mediterranean Sea are part of Southeast Asia.


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