People in Saudi Arabia
More than 34 million people live in Saudi Arabia. The
proportion of those not born in Saudi Arabia is very
high. More than ten million people are not originally
from the country.
The locals are mostly Arabs. The foreign residents
are Indians, Egyptians and Pakistanis. In addition,
there is a not inconsiderable number of unregistered
immigrants, which is estimated at one to two million
70 out of 100 people in Saudi Arabia are under 30
years old. 83 out of 100 people live in a city.
Many people work for the state
Many locals work in administration, that is, for the
state. Many also work in the education sector, i.e. as
teachers or at universities. Only a small part is
employed in private companies. The Saudi state is the
people's greatest employer. As long as the state is
doing well, (most) people are also doing well and vice
Low salary jobs for foreign workers
The foreign workers mostly do jobs that the locals do
not want to do themselves. They work as salespeople,
cleaning women, maids, chauffeurs, construction workers,
waitresses and in industry.
Languages in Saudi Arabia
Arabic is the official language in the country.
English is used as the commercial language and is also
taught in schools. Many people in Saudi Arabia speak
Religions in Saudi Arabia
The state religion in Saudi Arabia is Wahhabism, a
very strict interpretation of Sunni Islam. So most
people are also Sunnis.
However, around one million
inhabitants are Shiites. These live mainly in the east
of the country or on the border with neighboring Yemen.
However, they are not allowed to show their Shiite
beliefs in public. Other faiths - such as Christianity
or Judaism - are also not officially allowed.
everyone follows the strictly conservative ideas, a
so-called "religious police" monitors the people. Above
all, the observance of prayer times, the ban on alcohol,
women's clothing and the behavior of men and women are
checked. Anyone who does not obey the rules can easily
The strictest and most
intolerant orientation in Islam is Wahhabism. The
teachings are based on a man named Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab.
His followers see themselves as the only representatives
of true Islam. Everything that does not conform to the
teachings of Wahhabism is rejected, but above all Shiite
Islam. Most Wahhabis can be found in Saudi Arabia, but
also in Qatar and some in India, Pakistan and West
Africa. They do not call themselves Wahhabis, but
Salafists or simply Sunnis. It is characteristic of
Wahhabism that all new adjustments to Islam are
rejected. The Islamic sources are implemented verbatim.
Whoever thinks differently is not a Muslim for them.