People in Rwanda
Around 12.3 million people live in Rwanda, spread
over 26,338 square kilometers. The population density in
the small country is very high. By the way, 42 out of
100 people are under 14 years old and only a few live to
be older than 65 years.
Who are Hutu, Tutsi and Twa?
84 out of 100 residents of Rwanda are Hutu, 15 out
of 100 are Tutsi and one in 100 are Twa. These are the
inhabitants of the country who have lived there the
longest. But today we no longer differentiate between
them, because the division into Hutu and Tutsi had dire
consequences and culminated in civil war in 1994. In
fact, the differences between Huti and Tutsi were very
small. This division was made by the colonial powers.
Even if there were always conflicts before, the social
classification of the Belgians in 1934 once again
emphasized the differences between Hutu and Tutsi and
was one of the prerequisites for the later civil war.
At that time, all families with more than ten cattle
were counted as Tutsi. They were considered to be cattle
breeders. Those who owned less were divided among the
Hutu, who were considered farmers. Whoever had no beef
was a Twa. Since Rwanda was a poor country and not that
many families actually had more than ten cattle, the
Hutu, with the few cattle, were far in the majority.
This division would prove to be a fateful decision
decades later, because Hutu and Tutsi fought violently.
You can find out more about this in history and
This division has been canceled today, there are only
the residents of Rwanda, but you can hear the old terms
again and again and the traces of the civil war are
still noticeable, even if you try very hard to emphasize
the commonalities of the people and not them
Most Rwandans live in the countryside. Only 29 out of
100 inhabitants live in a city.
Many women have three to four children, so the
population is growing rapidly. However, this is offset
by the low life expectancy of people. Many children die
very young and many people die of AIDS, which is
widespread in Rwanda, along with other diseases.
Languages in Rwanda
Most Rwandans speak the Bantu language, Kinyarwanda.
88 out of 100 Rwandans speak Kinyarwanda as their mother
The official languages are English and French. In
the meantime, English is increasingly being taught as a
foreign language in schools and less French.
Incidentally, this comes from the Belgians who
administered the country. The administration has now
also switched to English. This means that important
official documents are no longer written in French, but
Religions in Rwanda
Most of the Rwandans are Christians. Most of them -
about 55 out of 100 - are Catholic. 38 out of 100 are
Protestants who split up into different faiths. But
there are also local religions and a few Muslims.