|Population growth rate
||16.60 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||1.01 M / F
||17.68 residents per km²
|Asunción 526,400 (2015 A 2.2 million),
Ciudad del Este 290,900, San Lorenzo 250,600, Luque 239,100, Capiatá
219,800, Lambaré 167,800, Fernando de la Mora 163,700, Limpio 127,200,
Ñemby 122,700, Mariano Roque Alonso 95,500, Encarnación 90,100, Pedro
Juan Caballero 88,800, Presidente Franco 80,800, Villa Elisa 74,600
|over 90% European indigenous, 2% European descent, 1.6%
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 90%, Mennonites, and other
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Paraguay
Almost 7 million people live in Paraguay. Only 5
percent of them, around 350,000 people, live in the
western part, the dry Chaco landscape. All others live
in the east of Paraguay, 2.6 million in the region
around the capital Asunción alone.
In surveys in 2012 and 2013, Paraguayans (along with
the residents of Panama) described themselves as the
happiest people in the world.
90 to 95 percent of the population describe
themselves as mestizos, descendants of Indians with
whites. With this high number, Paraguay has one of the
most uniform population groups in Latin America. Almost
2 percent describe themselves as Indians and therefore
belong to the indigenous population.
Black slaves from Africa were also brought into
Paraguay during colonial times. Today only a few black
people live in the country. The numbers vary between 1
and 4 percent. Like the majority of the population, they
speak the Guaraní language.
The Mennonites are a minority. They originally come
from German-speaking areas, where they were persecuted
because of their religion. You belong to the
Anabaptists. About 30,000 Mennonites live in Paraguay.
They are a small but economically successful group.
Above all, the dairy industry was built up by them.
The Guaraní are the largest indigenous group in
Paraguay. The Guaraní live in the east of the country.
Sometimes all Paraguayans are referred to as guaraní and
the country's soccer team also has this nickname. Even
the currency was called that!
There are other indigenous peoples in eastern
Paraguay. But these peoples are small, for example the
Aché (around 1500 people) or the Chamacoco (1800
people). The Aché still live as hunters and gatherers.
So they are nomads and move from one camp to the next.
Guaycurú and other peoples in the Chaco
The Guaycurú include the Mocovíes and Toba. They live
in western Paraguay, in the Chaco. There are also other
smaller indigenous peoples here, for example the
Sanapaná or the Guaná.
- Children: Every woman in Paraguay has an
average of 2.5 children. With us, every woman has an
average of 1.4 children. A quarter of the population
(25 percent) is under 14 years old. In Germany only
13 percent are under 14 years old.
- Urban and rural: 60 percent of Paraguay's
residents live in cities. So 40 percent live in the
- Age: The average age is 28 years. The
average age in Germany is 47 years.
Languages in Paraguay
Spanish and Guaraní
Spanish is one of two official languages in
Paraguay. The other official language is Guaraní, the
language of the Guaraní people. In fact, 85 percent of
the population speak Guarani as their mother tongue,
only 11 percent speak Spanish. This makes Paraguay an
exception among the Latin American countries.
Most of the residents are at least bilingual: 95
percent speak Guaraní, 90 percent Spanish. Many people
speak a mixture of both languages. Typical for the
Guaraní in Paraguay is an admixture of many Spanish
words. This variant of the Guaraní is also called
Seseo and Voseo
The Spanish spoken in Paraguay is also different from
the Spanish spoken in Spain. While in Spain, for
example, the c is usually pronounced like an English th
, i.e. between the teeth (as in through ), in Paraguay
(and throughout Latin America) the c is pronounced like
a sharp s (as in see ). This is called Seseo. Voseo is
the name given to the peculiarity that instead of tu
(for "you") vos is said. This is common in Paraguay, tu
is hardly needed.
Words from the Guaraní
Incidentally, in German we use a few words that
originally come from the Guaraní. These include the
words tapir, jaguar, pineapple, cassava, passion fruit,
rhea and piranha.
Religions in Paraguay
88 percent of the population are Catholics (Roman
Catholic). 8 percent belong to a Protestant church. So
the vast majority are Christians.