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Oman Population

Population Distribution

Total population 4,664,844
Population growth rate 1.96%
Birth rate 24.00 births per 1,000 residents
Life expectancy  
Overall life expectancy 74.72 years
Men life expectancy 72.84 years
Women life expectancy 76.70 years
Age structure  
0-14 years 30.10%
15-64 years 66.35%
65 years and above 3.55%
Median age 25.10 years
Gender ratio 1.22 M / F
Population density 15.07 residents per kmē
Urbanization 77.60%
Cities  
As-Sib 284,877, Bawshar 187,871, salala 155,309, Matra 150,067, suhar 129,759, Al-Buraymi 60,174, sur 48,634, Al-'Amarat 47,383, Al-Khaburah 42,119; Masqat 20,272
Ethnicities  
72% Omanis, 28% foreigners
Religions  
Ibadhi Muslims 75%, Sunnis, Shiites, Hindus
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.834
HDI ranking 47

People in Oman

Most of the Omanis are Arabs and come from the Arab world. Tribes from southern and central Arabia immigrated in the pre- Islamic period. But the different tribes fought bitterly for a long time. The Arabs were followed by Indians, Persians and Africans.

Who are the guest workers and why are they in Oman?

Guest workers come to the locals, mainly from India and Pakistan. These immigrated mainly at the time of the oil boom that hit the country in the 70s of the last century. But many workers from abroad are now employed in construction or in the field of tourism. Mean jobs are mostly taken over by these people, who are often completely without rights and exploited. Better paid skilled workers come from Arab countries or from Europe, such as England.

Who are the Bedouins?

Even if their number is small, some residents still live as Bedouins in Oman. They move through the country with their herds of animals and whenever the pastures are grazed, they move on. About two out of 100 people living in Oman are still Bedouin. You can find more about the life of the Beduins under Everyday life / Beduins.

Languages in Oman

Most of the people in Oman speak Arabic.

Religions in Oman

Oman is a Muslim country. 88 out of 100 people are Muslims of the Ibadi Islamic denomination. They see neither the Sunnis nor the Shiites as legitimate representatives of Islam and have their own interpretation.


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