List of All Countries in Oceania and Australia
Oceania is a continent consisting of Australia, New Zealand, eastern New
Guinea and islands and archipelagos in the Pacific Ocean with the exception of
islands along the coasts of Asia and the Americas. Oceania's islands are divided
into Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia.
Oceania is the smallest continent on the surface. Australia's relationship to
the concept of Oceania has not always been entirely clear. In the past, it was
common for Oceania to refer only to the islands of the Pacific Ocean, and to use
the term "Australia and Oceania" or "Australia with Oceania" as a term for the
whole area, but today Australia is considered part of Oceania. Sometimes the
whole of Oceania is carelessly called Australia, and then separates the
continent and the state of Australia.
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Map of Oceania
Regions in Oceania
Countries in Oceania
The multicultural situation
The indigenous peoples of Oceania find themselves in very
different situations. While they are only a small minority in
Hawaii, for example, the proportion of Māori in New Zealand is
still just under 15%. In the Northern Mariana Islands, the
Micronesians only have a population of 21.3%. New Guinea has
largely an indigenous population, as does most of the South Sea
islands, with the immigration of Indonesians from the west of
the country in western New Guinea increasing and leading to
Europeans make up the majority in Australia, New Zealand and
Hawaii. Large European minorities live in New Caledonia (34%)
and French Polynesia (12%).
In the Fiji Islands, Indians are a minority of 38.2%. In the
Northern Mariana Islands, the Filipinos make up the largest
population group with 26.2%, the Chinese the second largest with
22.1%. In other Pacific island states, too, the proportion of
the population that comes from Asia is increasing significantly
as a result of immigration.
Indigenous peoples of Oceania
The indigenous peoples of Oceania include:
- the native people of Australia, the Aborigines
- Melanesians in New Guinea(Papua New Guinea and Western
- Papua in New Guinea(Papua New Guinea and neighboring
- various Polynesian peoples of the Pacific
- Hawaiians in Hawaii
- Māori in New Zealand
- Samoans in Samoa
According to the most widely used definition of the term,
Australia is the economic core of the continent. Along with New
Zealand, it is also an internationally important technology
location. The smaller emerging island states are increasingly
shifting their economic infrastructure to the area of
services. The charm of the Pacific South Sea islands is an
attractive aspect for tourism, regionally up to 95% of GDP is
directly or indirectly related to tourism.
The transoceanic import of labor goods is on the one hand an
economic brake for the countries of the first world, but secures
the supply of the dependent micro-states, which can produce very
little, mainly agricultural export goods (medicinal raw
materials, coconuts). Freight traffic between the islands proves
to be particularly difficult, which rarely takes place with
small seaplanes and mainly with cargo ships or ferries.
Telecommunications and broadcasting are also only developed in
the few, more densely populated areas.
In the more remote areas there is an increasing number of
high illiteracy rates (50% in Wallis and Futuna). These islands,
mainly inhabited by indigenous peoples, are mostly politically
dependent, forgotten self-sufficient areas.