|Population growth rate
||12.20 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||0.98 M / F
||16.89 residents per km²
|Oslo 658,390, Bergen 277,391, Trondheim
187,353, Stavanger 132,644, Bærum 122,348, Kristiansand 88,447,
Fredrikstad 78,967, Sandnes 74,820, Tromsø 73,480, Drammen 67,895
|94.4% Norwegians, about 40,000 Samit (Sami) and 10,000
Finns (Kvener); Proportion of foreigners 2015: 9.9%
|Lutherans 86% (state church), other Christians 3%, other
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Norway
More than five million people live in Norway. 83
percent of them live in cities, 17 percent in rural
areas. Most of the cities are on the coast of the
country, where the climate is milder and the area is
more accessible than in the mountains. The biggest
cities are Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim and Stavanger. All of
these cities are in the south of the country. Overall,
the south is much more populated than the north.
The Sami people live in the north of the country. It
is distributed over the countries Norway, Sweden,
Finland and Russia, with by far most of the Sami live in
Norway. Their settlement area is also called Lapland.
There are other small groups living in Norway as
minorities. They also include two groups of Finns.
Forest fins immigrated to Norway (and Sweden) in the
17th century. First they created areas for fields in
their homeland by clearing fire. When the yield
decreased after a few years, new forests had to be
cleared and so the Finns came to Norway. Their
settlement area in Norway was called Finnmark. So the
area is still called the Norwegian province today. The
people of forest Finnish descent living in Norway today
are integrated into Norwegian society and no longer
The Kvenen are also of Finnish descent. About 10,000
live in Norway. Most of them came to Norway in the 18th
and 19th centuries, but before 1945. Their language is
Kven, which is related to Finnish, but is also very
Languages in Norway
In Norway they speak Norwegian. Along with Danish,
Swedish and Icelandic, Norwegian is one of the
Scandinavian languages. They originated from Old Norse,
the language of the Teutons in Northern Europe. With
Swedes and especially with Danes, Norwegians can
communicate quite well if they speak slowly.
Bokmål and Nynorsk
There are two forms of Norwegian that are considered
standard Norwegian (as opposed to dialects ). Most
Norwegians (85 to 90 percent) use Bokmål, which
translates as "book language". It is based on Danish.
The second form is the Nynorsk ("New Norwegian").
Nynorsk is primarily used in the southwest and is based
on rural Norwegian dialects. You can see the
distribution in the country on the map.
Incidentally, both variants are taught in school.
Here is an example: "What's your name?" is heter you on
Bokmål Hva? and on Nynorsk Kva you serene? The
difference is small, but there is. Both are written
languages. On the other hand, the dialects of Norwegian
are mainly spoken.
By the way, Norwegian has the letter Æ for our ä
(lower case: æ) and for ö there is Ø (lower case: ø).
The o is usually given as Å and å. If there is an o in
the word, it is usually pronounced like u. Oslo speaks
more like "Uslu". For ü there is the y.
In addition to Norwegian, the minorities in the
country also speak their own languages: the Sami speak
Sami and the Kveni speak Kven. Only the forest fins have
adapted completely and no longer speak Finnish. Sami
children have the right to school in Sami if they live
in Sami areas or if more than ten children are Sami.
Religions in Norway
79 percent of Norwegians belong to the Evangelical
Church, the Norwegian Church. As the largest religious
community, it is considered a people's church. 2 percent
of Norway's residents are Catholics and Muslims. Around
13 percent have no religious affiliation.