Definition of Northern Europe
Northern Europe is a comprehensive term for all northern European countries.
This includes Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland, often also the
Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the north of European Russia and
the northern part of Great Britain. In the broadest sense, Ireland, the French
territories north of the Seine, the north of Belgium, the Netherlands and the
coastal areas of northern Germany and Poland can also be seen as part of
Northern Europe. Colloquially in Germany the term "Northern Europe" mostly
refers to the Nordic countries.
Northern Europe can be divided as follows:
- Scandinavia with Norway, Sweden and Denmark (excluding the Faroe Islands
The Nordic countries belonging to Europe, by which the Scandinavian
countries as well as Faroe Islands, Finland and Iceland are meant. Greenland
is part of the Nordic countries, but not part of Europe.
- Baltic states with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
- Northeast Europe with Northwest Russia.
- The term North West Europe is rarely used in the German language and
includes the United Kingdom and Ireland, sometimes also Brittany, Normandy,
northern Belgium and the Netherlands. In Germany, however, all of these
countries are generally seen as part of Western Europe.
Within the EU, Denmark, Finland, Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden are
included in the so-called northern group.
According to the UN division, the geographic region of Northern Europe
includes Åland, the Channel Islands, Denmark, Estonia, the Faroe Islands,
Finland, Guernsey, Iceland, Ireland, the Isle of Man, Jersey, Latvia, Lithuania,
Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
Countries in Northern Europe