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List of All Countries in North America

North America is a continent that encompasses the northern part of the dual continent of America. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. The land demarcation in the south varies, which means that Mexico and Central America are included to varying degrees.

Area: 24,709,000 km²
Population: 523 736 000
States: 23
Countries: 39

North America covers an area of ​​24,500,000 square kilometers, or approximately 4.8% of the earth's surface (including Mexico and Central America). In July 2002, its population was estimated at more than 514,600,000 residents. North America is the world's third largest continent, after Asia and Africa, and the fourth most populously, after Asia, Africa and Europe. The continent has two indigenous peoples, namely Indians and Inuit.

Map of North America

Countries in North America

Antigua and Barbuda  
Bahamas  
Barbados  
Belize  
Canada  
Costa Rica  
Cuba  
Dominica  
Dominican Republic  
El Salvador  
Grenada  
Guatemala  
Haiti  
Honduras  
Jamaica  
Mexico  
Nicaragua  
Panama  
St. Kitts  
St. Lucia  
St. Vincent  
Trinidad and Tobago  
United States  

Population

North America has around 529 million inhabitants and, at 81 percent, is the most urbanized part of the world, with New York City, Mexico City, Los Angeles, Chicago and Toronto among the largest metropolises. Demographseenish is north ethnically quite different. The three main groups are Caucasian, Mestizo, and Black. There is a significant minority of indigenous Americans and Asians, as well as other, less numerous groups.

Before the discovery and conquest by European nations, North America was already settled by a large number of indigenous ethnic groups who came from Asia in several waves of immigration after the end of the last Ice Age. While the descendants of the last wave (who only settled in the far north) are commonly referred to as Eskimos and Aleutians, the generic term Indian is still popular for everyone else. Canadians also use the term First Nations for all indigenous peoples in the country.

From the beginning of the 16th to the end of the 19th century, countless wars and attempts at assimilation (in part with genocides and ethnocides) led to a drastic reduction in the indigenous population. Only since the beginning of the 20th century has the population increased again almost everywhere. The proportions compared to the population of European descent are now only very small in the densely populated regions (apart from some areas of Mexico and Central America). Significant shares up to majority situations can be found above all in the Indian reservations and in extremely sparsely populated wilderness regions.

The most populous country in North America is the United States with 329.7 million people. The second largest country is Mexico with 1 26 million inhabitants. Canada is 3 5, 9 million people, the country with the third largest population..

The majority of the Caribbean island nations have a national population of less than a million, although Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico (a territory of the United States), Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago all have more than a million inhabitants.

Greenland has a small population of 5 7. 691 (2.166.0 86 square kilometers) and the lowest population density in the world with 0,026 six inhabitants per / sq km.


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