|Population growth rate
||44.20 births per 1,000 residents
|Overall life expectancy
|Men life expectancy
|Women life expectancy
|65 years and above
||1.01 M / F
||17.97 residents per km²
|Niamey 978,029, Maradi 267,249, Zinder
235,605, Tahoua 117,826, Agadez 110,497, Arlit 78,651, Birni N'Konni
63,169, Dosso 58,671, Gaya 45,465, Tessaoua 43,409
|Niger - last census 2012: 17,138,707 residents - 55.4%
Hausa, 21.0% Nilo-Saharan groups (Djerma, Songhai), 9.3% Tuareg, 8.5%
Fulbe (Peul), 4.7 % Kanuri; Tubu, Arabs and Europeans
|Muslim 80%, remainder indigenous religions and Christens
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Niger
22 million people live in Niger. The population has
grown rapidly in the last few decades. The population is
still growing, namely by 3.7 percent every year. Niger
is one of the poorest countries in the world.
There are many people who live in Niger. With 55
percent, the Hausa make up the largest share. They live
in the south, on the border with Nigeria. You can see it
in red on the map. The Zarma and Songhai only make up 21
percent of the population, but they are the ones who
hold political rule in the country. They live in the
southwest, where the capital Niamey is located. On the
map you can see their main residential area in yellow.
9.3 percent of Nigerians belong to the Tuareg.
Tuareg are among the Berbers. Tuareg traditionally live
as nomads. So they don't have a permanent place of
residence, but move around and live in tents. Meanwhile,
however, many Tuareg have also settled down.
Incidentally, the Tuareg do not use this name to refer
to themselves. On the map you can see their habitat in
8.5 percent of Nigerians are Fulani (in purple on the
map). They live in the southwest near the border with
Burkina Faso. Kanuri (in light green) live in the
southeast, on the border with Nigeria. They make up 4.7
percent of the population. The Kanuri see themselves as
descendants of the Bornu empire.
- Children: Every woman in Niger has an
average of seven children (6.9). This is very much.
With us, each woman has an average of only 1.4
children. Children and young people in Niger make up
a large proportion of the population. More than half
of the population is under 18 years old!
- Infant mortality is 2.5 percent, child mortality
for one-year-olds is 4.8 percent (as of 2018, ours:
0.2 and 0.3 percent). That means: a little less than
three out of 100 newborn children die, almost five
out of 100 children do not celebrate their first
birthday. The numbers have fallen sharply in the
last few decades, but are still far too high.
- Urban and countryside: 16 percent of
Nigerians live in cities. That is little compared to
other countries in West Africa.
Languages in Niger
The official language in Niger is French. It is a
legacy from the colonial days when Niger was under
French rule. Even so, French is only spoken by around 10
percent of the population. French is used more in
In addition to French, there are a few other
languages spoken in Niger, as different peoples live
in one country. You count eleven to 24 languages -
depending on how you count them, you get different
results. As national languages Arabic, Buduma, Fulfulde,
Gourmanchéma, Hausa, Kanuri, Songhai-Zarma, Tamascheq,
Tasawaq Language and Tubu apply by law. They are to be
Hausa is an important language. It is the language
of the Hausa people, but is spoken by 75 percent of the
population in Niger, either as a first or second
language, and even understood by 85 percent. Hausa is
the most important commercial language in West and
Central Africa. In addition to French, Hausa is taught
in primary schools. Hausa can be written in Latin
letters, but also in Arabic.
Other languages are Songhai-Djerma (22 percent
speakers in Niger), Fulfulde (language of the Fulbe, 10
percent), Tamascheq (language of the Tuareg, 10
percent) and Kanuri (4 percent).
The Tuareg language is written in a special script.
It's called the Tifinagh script. The letters are
geometric signs that look like a circle or a plus sign,
for example. It looks like this, for example: ⴻⵍⵎⴻⵖⵔⵉⴱ.
Religions in Niger
94 percent of Nigerians profess Islam. Christians
and followers of ancient natural religions are therefore
in the minority.