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Morocco Population

Population Distribution

Total population 35,561,654
Population growth rate 0.96%
Birth rate 17.70 births per 1,000 population
Life expectancy  
Overall 76.31 years
Men 73.25 years
Women 79.53 years
Age structure  
0-14 years 25.47%
15-64 years 67.57%
65 years and above 6.95%
Median age 28.50 years
Gender ratio 0.97 M / F
Population density 79.64 residents per km²
Urbanization 57.50%
Cities  
Ad-Dar-el-Beida (Casablanca) 3,359,818, Fès 1,112,072, Tanger 947,952, Marrakech 928,850, Salé 890,403, Meknès 632,079, Ar-Rabat (Rabat) 577,827, Oujda 494,252, Kenitra 431,282, Agadir 421.844, Tétouan 380.787, Temara 313.510, Safi 308.508, Mohammedia 208.612
Ethnicities  
approx. 60% Moroccans of Arab origin, 30-40% Berbers; approx. 60,000 foreigners (mainly French, Spaniards, Italians, Tunisians and Algerians)
Religions  
Muslims 98.7%, Christians 1.1%, Jews 0.2%
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.676
HDI ranking 121

People in Morocco

36 million people live in Morocco: the Moroccans. Most of the population lives in the north and northwest, where the climate is most pleasant. The dry or cool mountains are far more inhospitable, as are the desert areas of the east. 62 percent of the population live in cities, 38 percent in rural areas.

Berbers and Arabs

80 percent of Moroccans are Berbers, 20 percent are Arabs. Arabs live more in the north of the country, Berbers more in the middle of the country and in the south. Their ancestral areas are the plateaus and the Middle Atlas.

The Berber people live mainly in Morocco and Algeria, but also in Tunisia, Mauritania and other countries. North Africa is their area of ​​origin. Their people are divided into several tribes. In Morocco, for example, the Rifkabylen live near the city of Tangier and on the Rif Mountains, and the Schlöh in the High Atlas and Anti-Atlas. From the 7th century onwards, Arabs advanced west and Islamized the Berbers. That is, they forced their religion, Islam, on them. Some Berbers also adopted the Arabic language.

Languages in Morocco

There are two official languages ​​in Morocco: Arabic and Tamazight. 90 percent of the population speak Arabic, the dialect of Moroccan Arabic. So Berbers mostly speak Arabic as well.

However, some Berbers have retained their Berber language or are bilingual. There are mainly three Berber languages spoken in Morocco: Tirifit in the north, Tamazight in the middle and Taschelhit in the south. Tamazight has been recognized as the official language.

Many residents also speak French. Through the colonial era it has been preserved as a language in trade and education.

Arabic is written in Arabic script. You read them from right to left. Berber languages ​​can be written in Arabic script, in Latin letters or in Tifinagh, which is the script of the Tuareg (a Berber tribe in the Sahara).

Religions in Morocco

Almost all residents belong to Islam (99 percent). Only 1 percent are Christians. Many Berbers, although they are Muslim, have retained their belief in natural forces and ancient myths.


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