|Population growth rate
||17.70 births per 1,000 population
|65 years and above
||0.97 M / F
||79.64 residents per km²
|Ad-Dar-el-Beida (Casablanca) 3,359,818,
Fès 1,112,072, Tanger 947,952, Marrakech 928,850, Salé 890,403, Meknès
632,079, Ar-Rabat (Rabat) 577,827, Oujda 494,252, Kenitra 431,282,
Agadir 421.844, Tétouan 380.787, Temara 313.510, Safi 308.508,
|approx. 60% Moroccans of Arab origin, 30-40% Berbers;
approx. 60,000 foreigners (mainly French, Spaniards, Italians, Tunisians
|Muslims 98.7%, Christians 1.1%, Jews 0.2%
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Morocco
36 million people live in Morocco: the Moroccans.
Most of the population lives in the north and northwest,
where the climate is most pleasant. The dry or cool
mountains are far more inhospitable, as are the desert
areas of the east. 62 percent of the population live in
cities, 38 percent in rural areas.
Berbers and Arabs
80 percent of Moroccans are Berbers, 20 percent are
Arabs. Arabs live more in the north of the country,
Berbers more in the middle of the country and in the
south. Their ancestral areas are the plateaus and the
The Berber people live mainly in Morocco and Algeria,
but also in Tunisia, Mauritania and other countries.
North Africa is their area of origin. Their people are
divided into several tribes. In Morocco, for example,
the Rifkabylen live near the city of Tangier and on the
Rif Mountains, and the Schlöh in the High Atlas and
Anti-Atlas. From the 7th century onwards, Arabs advanced
west and Islamized the Berbers. That is, they forced
their religion, Islam, on them. Some Berbers also
adopted the Arabic language.
Languages in Morocco
There are two official languages in Morocco: Arabic
and Tamazight. 90 percent of the population speak
Arabic, the dialect of Moroccan Arabic. So Berbers
mostly speak Arabic as well.
However, some Berbers have retained their Berber
language or are bilingual. There are mainly three Berber
languages spoken in Morocco: Tirifit in the north,
Tamazight in the middle and Taschelhit in the south.
Tamazight has been recognized as the official language.
Many residents also speak French. Through the
colonial era it has been preserved as a language in
trade and education.
Arabic is written in Arabic script. You read them
from right to left. Berber languages can be written in
Arabic script, in Latin letters or in Tifinagh, which is
the script of the Tuareg (a Berber tribe in the Sahara).
Religions in Morocco
Almost all residents belong to Islam (99 percent).
Only 1 percent are Christians. Many Berbers, although
they are Muslim, have retained their belief in natural
forces and ancient myths.