|Population growth rate
||11.50 births per 1,000 population
|65 years and above
||0.97 M / F
||242.99 residents per km²
|(F 2016) Lëtzebuerg / Luxemburg / Luxembourg 115,227
inh., Esch-Uelzecht / Esch an der Uelzecht / Esch-sur-Alzette 33,939,
Déifferdeng / Differdingen / Differdange 24,805, Diddeleng / Dudelange /
Dudelange 20,003, Péiteng / Petingen / Pétange 17,973 Suessem /
Sassenheim / Sanem 15,748, Hesper / Hesperingen / Hesperange 14,650
|54.1% Luxembourgers; Proportion of foreigners in 2015:
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 87% Protestants, Jews and
Muslims 13% (2000)
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Luxembourg
626,000 people live in Luxembourg. A fifth of them
live in Luxembourg City alone. This is also the only
major city in the country. There are, however, a few
other cities and towns. The largest are in the
south-west of the country, where most of the industry is
based. They are Esch on the Alzette, Differdingen and
Dudelange. Overall, 90 percent of the population live in
a city, even if these are often more of small towns.
There is a high proportion of foreigners in
Luxembourg. It is around 47 percent. Portuguese, French,
Italians and Belgians make up the largest groups. People
from a total of 160 countries live in Luxembourg City.
44 percent of the working population are cross-border
commuters. So you live in France, Belgium or Germany and
commute to Luxembourg to work.
Languages in Luxembourg
Luxembourg has three official languages:
Luxembourgish, German and French.
70 percent of the population speak Luxembourgish as
their mother tongue. Luxembourgish is a
Moselle-Franconian dialect, but is treated as a
national language. It is mainly used orally, that is,
when speaking to one another, but also on television and
radio. German is used more in newspapers, i.e. standard
Luxembourgish has the ë as a special letter. This is
spoken like a mixture of an e and an ö. The vocabulary
is heavily influenced by French. So called truck Camion
and refrigerator Frigo. Sometimes there are compound
words like Haaptplat: The first part is of German
origin ( main ), the second is French ( plat = court).
At school, too, lessons are first taught in
Luxembourgish, then in German. French is then used in
higher schools. However, French is widely spoken in
shops, restaurants or banks because many of the people
who work here are French.
Since Portuguese are the largest group of immigrants,
Portuguese is also spoken in the country.
Religions in Luxembourg
69 percent of the population belong to the Catholic
Church. 4 percent of the population are evangelical. A
quarter of all residents do not belong to any church.