People in Libya
Although Libya is the fourth largest country in
Africa, only a little over six million people live here.
The population density is actually the third smallest in
Africa after Namibia and Botswana. Most Libyans live on
the coast. Only there are bigger cities. The population
is very young: 33 percent are under 14 years old (in
Germany: 13 percent).
Arabs and Berbers
Most of the Libyans are Arabs and Berbers. Many
Arabs have Berber roots or are Arabized Berbers. Today
only a minority of the population calls themselves
Berber. Most of them live in the highlands of Jebel
Nafusa in north-western Libya.
The Tuareg also belong to the Berbers. They live in
the western Sahara of Libya, on the border with Algeria,
partly as nomads.
The Tubu people belong to the minorities. They too
are desert dwellers and live in the south, in the border
area with Chad.
- Children: Every woman in Libya has an
average of 2.2 children. With us, every woman has an
average of 1.4 children.
- Urban and rural: 80 percent of Libya's
residents live in cities. So 20 percent live in the
Languages in Libya
The official language in Libya is Arabic. This is
standard Arabic. Most Libyans, however, speak one
dialect in everyday life, Libyan Arabic. As a commercial
language, you can sometimes hear Italian or English.
Minority languages are the Berber languages. Most
of Libya's Berbers live in the Nafusi Mountains and
their language is called Nafusi. The Tuareg speak
The Tubu in the Sahara speak Tedaga.
Religions in Libya
97 percent of the population are Muslims, so they
belong to Islam. 0.7 percent are Christians, 0.3