People in Kyrgyzstan
Around 6 million people live in Kyrgyzstan. 37 out of
100 people live in a city. The largest cities are the
capital Bishkek in the north and Osh in the west.
Between the cities there are 3000 meter high mountains,
so that the way from one city to the other is not so
easy to master.
Each woman has an average of 2.5 children. The
population is very young: 30 percent are younger than 15
years (in Germany it is only 13 percent). 90 percent of
the population follow Islam, 7 percent are Russian
73 percent of the population of Kyrgyzstan are Kyrgyz
people. The country was named after them. Kyrgyzstan
means "home of the Kyrgyz people".
The largest minorities are Uzbeks (14 percent,
especially in the south) and Russians (9 percent,
especially in the north). Small minorities are Dungans
(of Chinese origin), Uighurs, Tajiks, Kazakhs and
Languages in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan today has two official languages: Kyrgyz
and Russian. Russian was initially no longer an official
language after independence, but was then reintroduced
in 2001. Many people still speak Russian and it is
popular in culture and business.
In addition to the two official languages, other
languages are spoken in the country, namely by the
minorities living here. Uzbek, in particular, is spoken
in the south. The Dungans speak Dunganese, a Chinese
dialect. The Kazakhs and Ukrainians also have their own
Most people, however, speak Kyrgyz. Kyrgyz is a
Turkic language. There are around 40 Turkic languages,
the most common being Turkish. However, Kyrgyz is more
closely related to Uzbek and Kazakh. Kyrgyz itself has
Kyrgyz is written in Cyrillic letters. That was not
always so. Until 1926 it was written in Arabic letters,
briefly also in Latin, but then in 1940 in Cyrillic.
While Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan returned to the Latin
alphabet, Kyrgyzstan (and Kazakhstan) did not.
Religions in Kyrgyzstan