People in Iraq
In 2015 there were 35 million people in Iraq. In 2020
there were almost 40 million. This population is very
diverse in terms of religion, culture and ethnicities.
That is why we can speak of a multiethnic state in Iraq.
Most of the people in Iraq are Arabs. Kurds live in
the north. There are also smaller minorities such as
Turkmen, Armenians, Azerbaijanis and Arameans. But the
proportion of minorities continues to decline.
The Arab population lives mainly in the west, the
center and the south. The Kurds are mainly found in the
northeast and also in the city of Kirkuk.
Victim of the civil war
Many people in Iraq fell victim to the civil war, but
also to the subsequent fighting and assassinations,
which keep occurring. Those who live in cities like
Baghdad or Mosul are still living dangerously today. The
situation is still most stable in the Kurdish regions,
with the result that many people are fleeing in this
direction. In addition, there are many refugees from
Syria, who are again confronting Iraq with major
The differences between urban and rural areas are
also great in Iraq. Most Iraqis live in cities.
Languages in Iraq
Religions in Iraq
Most Iraqis are Muslims. Of these, the greater
proportion in Iraq is Shiite. 60 percent of the
population are Shiites, 35 percent are Sunnis. The
differences between Sunnis and Shiites are great.
There are also few Christians and Yazidis living in
Iraq, but they are subject to persecution by the Islamic
State. Before the last Gulf War, there were 44,000
Christians in the Iraqi city of Mosul, most of whom
have since been expelled or even killed.