|Population growth rate
||23.00 births per 1,000 residents
|65 years and above
||0.98 M / F
||398.84 residents per km²
|(F 2009) Port-au-Prince 875,978 (A 2.3 million),
Carrefour 430.250, Delmas 359.451, Pétionville 271.175, Cité Soleil
241.055, Gonaïves 228.725, Cap-Haïtien 155.505
|predominantly of African and African-European origin
|Catholics (Roman Catholic) 80%, Protestants 16%
(Baptists 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, Others 1%), no religion 1%,
Others 3% (1982) note: roughly one-half of the population Also practices
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Haiti
11 million people live in Haiti. Most Haitians are of
African descent. There are few whites. 60 to 95 percent
are counted among the blacks, 5 to 35 percent among
people with both black and white ancestors (mulattos).
You don't know the exact numbers. The distinction
between blacks and mulattos has played a role time and
again in Haiti's history. The term "mulatto" is used
reluctantly in German because it is considered
Many Haitians have left their country and emigrated.
Most live in the USA and the Dominican Republic, and
there are many Haitians in Cuba, Canada and the Bahamas.
They are fleeing poverty in their country.
- Children: Every woman in Haiti has an
average of 2.5 children. With us, every woman has an
average of 1.4 children. So the Haitian families are
bigger than ours.
- City and country: 57 percent of the
population live in cities. That is much less than
ours (75 percent).
Languages in Haiti
Two languages are officially spoken in Haiti:
French and Haitian. French was adopted from the colonial
era. Haitian is a French-based creole language. Almost
all Haitians speak it. It came about because the slaves
from different areas in Africa could not communicate.
They used the French of the colonial masters, but
adapted it to their own pronunciation and incorporated
words from their own language.
Religions in Haiti
The majority of the population is Catholic. Their
share is estimated at 80 percent. The number of
Protestants has been increasing for several years while
that of Catholics is falling. Many believers in Haiti
also practice voodoo rituals.