|Population growth rate
||8.60 births per 1,000 population
|65 years and above
||0.97 M / F
||224.52 residents per km²
|(F 2015) Berlin 3,469,849, Hamburg 1,762,791,
Munich 1,429,584, Cologne 1,046,680, Frankfurt am Main 717,624,
Stuttgart 612,441, Düsseldorf 604,527, Dortmund 580,511, Essen 573,784,
Bremen 551,767, Leipzig 544,479, Dresden 536.308, Hanover 523.642,
Nuremberg 501.072, Duisburg 485.465
|Germans - last census 2011: 80 219 695 residents -
proportion of foreigners 2016: 10.5%; Minorities with special rights:
Sorbs (Wends) in Brandenburg and Saxony (60,000), Danes in South
Schleswig (50,000), Sinti and Roma (70,000), Frisians in North Frisia
and on Heligoland (10,000), Frisians in Saterland (2000)
|Protestants 34%, Catholics (Roman Catholic) 34%, Muslims
3.7%; Jews 0.1% without religious affiliation and others 30%
|Human Development Index (HDI)
People in Germany
83.2 million people live in Germany. This makes
Germany the country in Europe with the second highest
population after Russia. 88 percent of the population
12 percent of the population have a foreign passport.
With 2.4 percent, Turks are the largest minority in the
country. Their number has been decreasing for years, as
many Turks have now taken on German citizenship. Smaller
minorities are (sorted according to their number in
2015) Poles, Italians, Romanians, Syrians, Greeks,
Croats, Russians, Serbs and Bulgarians.
Each woman has an average of 1.4 children. The
population is aging. The average age is 47.8 years. This
means that Germany has the third oldest population in
the world (after Monaco and Japan). The total life
expectancy is 81.1 years (men 78.7 and women 83.6
77 percent of people live in a city. The largest
cities are Berlin, Hamburg, Munich and Cologne. On the
population density map on the left, you can see where
most people live per square kilometer and where the
fewest. A particularly large number of people live in
the north-west, in the Ruhr area. But the population
density is also high in Berlin. The northeast, however,
is rather sparsely populated. Overall, however, Germany
is a densely populated country with 230 people per
Who is the average German?
Who is the average German anyway? He is also often
called the average consumer. The name comes from a film
from 1948 in which someone is called that. After the
Second World War, such a normal consumer was someone who
“shopped normally” and received no discounts. Back then
there were ration cards with which you could only get a
certain amount of groceries in the store because they
were so scarce. Pregnant women or hard workers received
more than the average consumer.
When we speak of the average German, this does not
only mean the consumption of food or the purchase of
clothing, but it can also answer the question of how
often the German goes on vacation on average, how much
water he consumes or how much water per day Children he
If you say that the average German spends 107 euros a
year on clothes and shoes, then it is calculated as
follows: All the money that was spent in Germany on
clothes and shoes in one year is added up. This number
is then divided by the population of Germany. The result
is 107 euros. So this is the average. Of course there
are people who spend a lot less and some who spend a lot
more. You can then tell if you are below or above
Sometimes you are amazed at these numbers. For
example, what do you mean, how many apples a German eats
on average a year? How much water does he use? Or how
long does he watch TV a day? You can find out everything
in our video about the average German! You can read all
the numbers again below.
How much time do we spend with what?
Television (all) - 2:04 hours
TV (children 3-13 years) - 1:19 hour
Reading - 32 minutes
Food - 1:41 hour
Sleep - 8:29 hours a night
What do we spend our money on?
Clothes and shoes - 107 euros a year
Groceries - 332 euros per month (18 euros per household
Bread and other cereals - 41 euros per month
What do we eat every year?
Every German consumes on average every year
19 kilos of apples
7 kilos of pasta
58 kilos of potatoes
88 kilos of meat and
99 kilos of vegetables.
How much water do we use a day?
Every German consumes 123 liters of water per day!
Most of it, namely 35 percent, goes to shower and
personal hygiene through the tap. Only a little less is
flushed through the toilet (31 percent). It is less for
washing clothes (15 percent). But water is also used for
washing dishes (6 percent), cleaning (4 percent),
cooking and drinking (3 percent) and watering flowers.
What do we have?
100 percent of all households have a refrigerator.
96 percent own a washing machine.
There is a car in 77 percent of households.
There is at least one bicycle in 80 percent of
98 percent have a television.
89 percent have a PC.
95 percent of households have a cell phone.
Languages in Germany
The official language in Germany is German. What is
meant is West German Standard German. German is also
spoken in Austria or Switzerland, but it differs a bit
from this one. Germans and Austrians can still
Within the European Union, German is the language
with the most speakers. After English, it is also the
most widely learned foreign language. Worldwide, the
number of speakers ranks 10th.
Letters and words
German is written with Latin letters. These are the
ones you see here. The alphabet has 26 letters. There
are also the three umlauts Ä, Ö and Ü and the ß.
Do you know how many German words there are? There
are 5.3 million! That is much more than, for example,
English has. However, only a part of it is used in
everyday life, namely around 14,000 words. In Duden, the
German spelling dictionary, 135,000 words are listed.
If you're reading this, you probably speak German
yourself. Or maybe you speak one of the many dialects
that exist in German. There is, for example, Bavarian,
Saxon, Hessian, Frisian, Franconian, Swabian or
Even more languages than German
In addition to German, there are also some minority
languages that are spoken in Germany. There are some
Danes who speak Danish living on the border with
Denmark. Frisian is spoken on the North Sea coast,
namely North Frisian in Schleswig-Holstein and Sater
Frisian in Lower Saxony. Sorbian is spoken in Saxony and
Brandenburg. Low German (also called Low German) is
spoken mainly in the north of the country. It again
divides into numerous dialects.
Then there are the languages spoken by the
immigrants. Turkish, Polish or Russian can therefore be
heard in Germany as well as Italian or Romanian. You can
also hear Arabic because many refugees from
Arabic-speaking countries live in Germany who fled
terrible wars in their home countries.
Religions in Germany
Almost 30 percent of the population in Germany are
Protestants or Catholics. A large number, also 30
percent, do not profess any faith. 5.4 percent are
Muslim. Smaller minorities are Buddhists, Jews, Hindus
or Sikhs. Together, these only make up about one
The distribution within Germany is very
pronounced. Most of the people in the south and west are
Catholics, in the north mainly Protestants and in the
east most of the non-religious. You can find a map