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List of All Countries in Europe

Europe is the smallest continent in the world after Oceania, but in terms of population it is the third largest after Asia and Africa. Since the 18th century, the border between Europe and Asia has generally been considered to run along the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus, the Black Sea, the Bosphorus, the Marmara Sea and the Dardanelles. The Mediterranean in the south separates Europe from Africa. The western border is the Atlantic Ocean, where Iceland is the western outpost. The North limits the Arctic Ocean. The northern tip of the Svalbard archipelago is Europe's northernmost point.

Area: 10 180 000 km²
Population: 712,000,000
States: 47
Countries: 54

In practice, the border with Europe is usually drawn with greater regard for politics, economics and culture. This has led to the existence of several "different" Europes, which are not always identical in size, and which include or exclude different countries based on the definition of Europe used.

Location Map of Europe

Europe holds just under 12% of the earth's population, spread over just over 7% of the earth's land area. The most populous countries were in 2006 apart from Russia: Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy and Ukraine.

Regions in Europe

Countries in Europe

Albania East Europe
Andorra South Europe
Austria West Europe
Belarus East Europe
Belgium West Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina East Europe
Bulgaria East Europe
Croatia East Europe
Cyprus East Europe
Czech Republic East Europe
Denmark North Europe
Estonia North Europe
Finland North Europe
France West Europe
Germany West Europe
Greece South Europe
Vatican City South Europe
Hungary East Europe
Iceland North Europe
Ireland North Europe
Italy South Europe
Latvia North Europe
Liechtenstein West Europe
Lithuania North Europe
Luxembourg West Europe
Macedonia East Europe
Malta South Europe
Moldova East Europe
Monaco South Europe / West Europe
Montenegro East Europe
Netherlands West Europe
Norway North Europe
Poland East Europe
Portugal South Europe
Romania East Europe
Russia East Europe
San Marino South Europe
Serbia East Europe
Slovakia East Europe
Slovenia East Europe
Spain South Europe
Sweden North Europe
Switzerland West Europe
Ukraine East Europe
United Kingdom North Europe


With over 700 million residents, Europe is one of the more densely populated parts of the world. The average population density is around 65 residents per kmē. The population density is relatively high in Western, Central and Southern Europe in particular, while it continues to decline sharply towards Northern and Eastern Europe. The centrally located population concentration in western, central and southern Europe, which stretches in the form of a ribbon between the Irish Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, is classified under the designation " Blue Banana " as an economically and geographically important megalopolis.


More than 90 percent of the population of Europe speak Indo-European languages. The most widespread are Slavic, Germanic and Romance languages. Greek, Albanian, the Baltic and Celtic languages ​​as well as Romani are also among the Indo-European languages.

The Uralic languages ​​represent the second largest language family in Europe. They are further subdivided into the Samoyed languages, which are spoken by a few thousand people in the far north-east of Europe, and the Finno-Ugric languages. These include above all Finnish, Hungarian and Estonian as official languages, as well as the Sami languages ​​spoken in Lapland and some minority languages, especially in Russia.

In the European part of Turkey, Turkish is an official and titular language, as is Kazakh in the European part of Kazakhstan. Other Turkic languages ​​occur as minority languages ​​in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, such as Gagauz and Tatar. Kalmuck is also spoken on the eastern edge of the continent, a representative of the Mongolian language family in Europe.

With Maltese, a language of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asian languages ​​is also represented on the island of Malta. The Basque language spoken in Spain and France is not assigned to any larger language family, its origin could not be reconstructed by modern linguistics and is still unknown. In addition, many other languages ​​are spoken in Europe today from other language families that have recently arrived here as a result of immigrants.


Christianity and Islam are the most widespread religions in Europe.

About 75% of Europeans are Christians (mostly Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox).

Between 42 and 53 million, or 6–8%, are Muslims, with most Muslims living in the European parts of Russia (13–20 million). Approx. 16 million are Muslim immigrants and their descendants in the European Union. 9.5 million live in the European area of Turkey, 2.2 million in Bosnia and Herzegovina and 1.4–2.5 million in Albania.

Almost 2 million (approx. 0.3%) of the European population are Jews, most of them in France (approx. 520,000), the United Kingdom (approx. 270,000), Russia (approx. 260,000) and Germany (approx. 200,000). Other religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, etc.) are also represented with less than 0.3%.

About 17% of Europeans are non-denominational, especially in Estonia, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Russia and East Germany, otherwise v. a. in the cities.

However, mere denomination says little about the actual degree of religiosity in a country. According to the European Values ​​Study, around a third of Europeans described themselves as irreligious and 5% as staunch atheists.

  • In Russia, the largest and most populous country in Europe (the European part of Russia has over 100 million residents), over 50% are Christians, at least 30% are atheists or non-denominational and around 14% are Muslims.
  • In comparison, Germany has the second largest population with over 82 million residents. Almost 60% are Christians, around 5% Muslims, the rest mostly atheists and non-denominational. In eastern Germany, however, non-denominational people make up up to 70%.

Christianity first reached Europe in the 1st century AD. Islam spread to the Iberian Peninsula in the 8th century, but was ousted again during the " Reconquista " from the 13th to the 15th century. Europeans spread Christianity through immigration and mission in America, Australia and, to a lesser extent, other continents (parts of Southeast Asia, Africa and Oceania). Today Europe is largely secularized. Copyright 2021 All Rights Reserved