The eastern countries of the African continent are called East Africa, with
different geographical or geopolitical definitions.
The geographical definition includes the region roughly east of the Nile or
east of the East African Rift. A restricted definition limits East Africa to the
area east of the East African Rift between Ethiopia and the Rovuma River, which
includes the countries Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda. Sometimes
parts of Mozambique, Malawi and Sudan are added.
The geographical area of East Africa shows great cultural heterogeneity. Even
if one can refer to a representative, homogeneous cultural tradition on the
coast, the Swahili social form, which was influenced by Eastern Arabia and
India, the most diverse ethnic groups cavort in the coastal hinterland in a very
small area. In addition to the Ostbantu, there are also descendants of the
Cushites, Nilots and San, the so-called Bushmen. Even if the Swahili coastal
society has long since passed its heyday, Swahili as a language is the dominant
medium in the area, especially around the great lakes.
Map of East Africa
As of December 2017, the following 22 states and territories under East
Africa are listed under the Eastern Africa region in the UN statistics
- British Indian Ocean Territory
- French Southern and Antarctic Lands
- South Sudan
East African Community
The East African Community is a form of economic integration of the East
African countries - Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi with the aim of an
economic and customs union.
In the case of East Africa, tour operators often only refer to the safari
areas of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania due to the tourist interest.
Countries in East Africa