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Countries that Begin with S

Saudi Arabia

With six times the area of ​​Germany, Saudi Arabia covers most of the Arabian Peninsula, and a relatively robust economic model has been established in Saudi Arabia based on oil export revenues. The country has almost a sixth of the world's oil reserves and the sixth largest reserves of natural gas. At the beginning of the Hajj, the great pilgrimage to Mecca, millions of Muslims travel to the birthplace of the Prophet Mohammed in Saudi Arabia.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Arabic
  • Capital: Riyadh
  • Currency: Saudi Riyal (SAR)

Sweden

The Kingdom of Sweden is a parliamentary monarchy in Northern Europe. Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 together with Finland and Austria. The capital is Stockholm. The national currency is still the Swedish krona after the population rejected the introduction of the euro in a referendum. In 2006 the Swedish government announced that it wanted to switch entirely to renewable energies by 2020.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Swedish
  • Capital: Stockholm
  • Currency: Swedish Krona (SEK)

Switzerland

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a federal, democratic state in Europe. The country is divided into 26 partially sovereign cantons and has a total of four official languages ​​at the federal level - corresponding to its native population: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Switzerland is one of the wealthiest countries in the world. The general price level is relatively high.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: French, German, Italian, Romansh
  • Capital: Bern
  • Currency: Swiss Francs (CHF)

Senegal

The West African state of Senegal has been independent for 50 years. And that without coups and relatively democratic conditions. Thus, the country is considered one of the most stable states in Africa. The government model is strongly based on the former colony of France. In contrast to many African countries, freedom of religion, opinion, press and assembly are guaranteed.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: French, Wolof, Serer
  • Capital: Dakar
  • Currency: CFA Franc (West) (XOF)

Serbia

Serbia is a landlocked country in south-eastern Europe. Serbia's history is shaped by its role as the former largest state in Yugoslavia. Serbia has a parliamentary system of government.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Serbian
  • Capital: Belgrade (Beograd)
  • Currency: Serbian Dinar (RSD)

Seychelles

The Republic of Seychelles is an island nation in the Indian Ocean.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: English, French, Seychelles Creole
  • Capital: Victoria
  • Currency: Seychelles rupee (SCR)

Singapore

Singapore is an island and city state and the smallest state in Southeast Asia in terms of area. Singapore is considered one of the cities with the highest cost of living in the world.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: English, Chinese, Tamil, Malay
  • Capital: Singapore
  • Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)

Slovakia

The Slovak Republic was founded on January 1, 1993 after the state of Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved. In 2004 Slovakia joined the EU, in 2007 the border controls to EU countries were lifted in accordance with the Schengen Agreement, and in 2009 it joined the euro zone. The country is a democratically constituted parliamentary republic.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Slovak
  • Capital: Bratislava
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

Slovenia

Slovenia is a democratic republic in Central Europe. On May 1, 2004, the country became one of ten acceding countries to the European Union. Biggest problem: After the end of Yugoslavia, the exact border between Slovenia and Croatia is still not clear. Now the EU should find a regulation.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Slovenian
  • Capital: Ljubljana
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

Somalia

Somalia is a state in the far east of Africa in the Horn of Africa. The name is derived from the Somali ethnic group, who make up the majority of the population in the country. Somalia has not had a recognized national government since 1991. In the north, the people strive for independence and demand their own state, Somaliland. The regions of Puntland and Galmudug were proclaimed as autonomous states.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: Arabic, Somali
  • Capital: Mogadishu
  • Currency: Somalia Shilling (SOS)

Spain

Spain is a state in southwestern Europe and a parliamentary hereditary monarchy. The Spanish national territory also includes the Canary Islands and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla on the North African coast. Spain joined the European Union in 1986 together with Portugal in the third round of enlargement. The most important economic sectors are tourism, communication and information technology, the metalworking industry, mechanical engineering, agriculture and petrochemicals.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Spanish
  • Capital: Madrid
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. With the end of the civil war and thanks to international development aid, the small island is increasingly becoming a dream destination for tourists. The island, not even as big as Bavaria, is considered a Mecca for those interested in culture and archeology.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: English, Sinhala, Tamil
  • Capital: Colombo (commercial capital)
  • Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)

Sudan

After the secession of South Sudan in 2011, Sudan is now still the third largest country in Africa with almost 1.9 million square kilometers and about five times the size of Germany. According to the constitution, Sudan is an Islamic Republic and has been ruled by a military government since 1989. Thanks to the Darfur conflict, press censorship and the recurring political and military conflicts with South Sudan, the country is in a deep crisis.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: English, Arabic
  • Capital: Khartoum
  • Currency: Sudanese pound (SDG)

South Africa

The Republic of South Africa is a state at the southern tip of Africa. The special thing about it: the country has three capitals. The government sits in Pretoria, the Parliament in Cape Town and the Supreme Court of Appeal in Bloemfontein. The world's largest reserves of gold and platinum are located in South Africa. With its numerous mineral resources, it is one of the most important mining countries in the world. South Africa is also one of the top industrialized countries on the African continent.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: English, Afrikaans, isiZulu
  • Capital: Pretoria (administrative capital)
  • Currency: Edge (ZAR)

South Sudan

South Sudan has many natural resources. The soil is fertile and there is a multitude of mineral resources. After decades of war, however, no branch of the economy really matters. The population lives primarily from cattle breeding. In recent years, however, the oil export has continued to increase. After independence, South Sudan will have around 80 percent of the known oil reserves in all of Sudan.

  • Continent:
  • Languages: English, Arabic
  • Capital: Juba
  • Currency: South Sudanese Pound (SSP)

Suriname

Suriname is a state in South America that combines Dutch and Creole, West African and Indian, but also Indonesian and German influences in a small area. The street signs are in Dutch, the traffic is typically British on the left, the mentality of the people is Caribbean-cheerful. Suriname is mainly characterized by the export of aluminum.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Dutch
  • Capital: Paramaribo
  • Currency: Suriname Dollar (SRD)

Syria

Since March 2011, everyday life in Syria has been shaped by the revolution of the Syrian people against President Bashar al-Assad, who held onto power with the use of brutal force. As a result, according to the UNHCR, over four million people have left the country. Most of them are in the bordering states. Around 310,000 have fled to Europe, more than a third of them to Germany.

  • Continent:
  • Language: Arabic
  • Capital: Damascus
  • Currency: Syrian pound (SYP)

 


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