Central America is called the narrow and elongated part of America that forms
the land connection between South and North America. When within the "double
continent" America separates the continents South and North America, Central
America is counted as North America.
Sometimes the term Central America is used only for the five states of
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. These states can be
counted as an economic-political entity, but the delimitation also has a
historical background; Belize, formerly British Honduras, did not become
independent until 1981, and Panama was part of Colombia until 1903.
Map of Central America
Countries included in Central America
- Costa Rica
- El Salvador
Central America Overview
In a geographical sense, Central America refers to the land bridge between
North and South America. Geographically, Central America begins in the north at
the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico, in the south it extends, depending on the
definition, to the Isthmus of Darién in southern Panama or the Atratos Basin in
Colombia. To the east is the Caribbean Sea and to the west the Pacific Ocean.
Central America can be viewed both as an independent land mass and as the
southernmost region of the North American continent.
Usually the areas of Mexico and Colombia are excluded and only the states
Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama are
counted as Central America. This definition follows the common past of the
states Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, which formed the
Central American Confederation after the Spanish colonial rule. Depending on the
definition of the borders, Central America has between 510,000 km² and 750,000
km² and between 40 and 50 million inhabitants. The largest city in the region is
Guatemala City with almost three million inhabitants.
Central America, together with the West Indies and part of Mexico, forms the
Central America region.