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List of All Countries in Caribbean

The Caribbean is called the Desert Chain, which separates the Atlantic Ocean from the Caribbean Sea, and is divided into the Lesser Antilles and the Bahamas. Bermuda is often included in the Caribbean. The area got its name when Christopher Columbus in 1492 began his first voyage across the Atlantic. Columbus, with the ship Santa Maria, along with two other ships searched the sea route to India. They knew the land by road and knew that there were seas off India, but they did not know how to get there by sea. When Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, he was convinced that he had come to India. Hence the name Caribbean.

Surface: 4 km²
Population: 37.5 million

The countries have large trade deficits, high unemployment and are very sensitive to the economy. Locally, tourism, sometimes in combination with banking and duty-free trade, has led to economic prosperity. The desert chain has a colonial past and is in part still associated with France, the Netherlands, Great Britain and the United States. The Caribbean is also known as the Caribbean.

Map of Caribbean

Caribbean countries

  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Aruba
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Cayman Islands
  • Cuba
  • Curaçao
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Grenada
  • Guadeloupe
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Martinique
  • Montserrat
  • Puerto Rico
  • Saint Barthélemy
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • St. Maarten
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • US Virgin Islands
Antigua and Barbuda  
Dominican Republic  
St. Kitts  
St. Lucia  
St. Vincent  
Trinidad and Tobago  

Population and culture

Around 40 million people of different origins live in the Caribbean region on a total area of ​​around 220,000 km² (see below). In addition to the very few remaining indigenous inhabitants, mainly people of African and European origin, Creoles as well as Indians (especially in Trinidad and Tobago) and Chinese live on the various islands of the Caribbean. Spanish with approx. 70% and English with approx. 24% are the main languages ​​of the Caribbean. French, Dutch and various forms of Creole or Caribbean are also spoken (especially in everyday life).

Life expectancy averaged 72 years in 2013 and 26% of the population were under 15, while 9% were over 65 years old. Although more people emigrated than immigrated, the population density of 180 inhabitants per km² is relatively high in global comparison.

Important Caribbean educational institutions are the "University of the West Indies" and the "Center for Hotel and Tourism Management".

The soccer Caribbean championship is a biennial sporting event. In the Caribbean cuisine, fish, legumes and spices are used in particular.


Tourism is one of the most important sources of income for the Caribbean states. There are also many tax havens in the financial services sector, above all on the Cayman Islands.

History and Discovery of the Caribbean

Before the discoveries in the 1st millennium BC. BC came Arawak - Indians coming from Venezuela to the Caribbean islands. They spread north over Trinidad. They were followed around 1500 years later by the warlike Caribs, who slowly drove the Arawak from the Lesser Antilles. At the time of Christopher Columbus' voyages of discovery, the Arawak settled the islands of Cuba, Hispaniola and the Bahamas, while the Caribs inhabited the Lesser Antilles.

When Columbus landed on San Salvador (Bahamas) on behalf of the Spanish crown in 1492, he was primarily in search of gold and other riches. But the Arawak paid no attention to what Europeans viewed as wealth. So the Caribbean was settled, but the conquistadors were soon drawn to the American continent. Little by little the English, Dutch and French also settled. Even Denmark, Sweden and Courland owned some colonies. St. Barthélemy was z. B. almost a century under Swedish rule. Most of the native Indians eventually fell victim to diseases or slavery that were brought in.

The Caribbean was especially active in the 17th and early 18th centuries for buccaneers and pirates (so-called golden age of piracy). The small islands offered the pirates, some of whom were freebooters on behalf of a king, numerous hiding places and the Spanish treasure fleets were a good and worthwhile target. Port Royal in Jamaica and the French settlement on Tortuga were real pirate settlements. Copyright 2020 All Rights Reserved